11 Facts About Luwian language


Luwic or Luwian language, is one of three major sub-branches of Anatolian, alongside Hittite and Palaic.

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Long after the extinction of the Hittite language, Luwian continued to be spoken in the Neo-Hittite states of Syria, such as Milid and Carchemish, as well as in the central Anatolian kingdom of Tabal that flourished in the 8th century BC.

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Luwian language cited the distribution of a new type of wheel-made pottery, Red Slip Wares, as some of the best evidence for his theory.

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Therefore, several scholars shared the view that Luwian was spoken—to varying degrees—across a large portion of western Anatolia, including Troy, the Seha River Land, and the Mira-Kuwaliya kingdom with its core being the Maeander valley.

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Luwian language was split into many dialects, which were written in two different writing systems.

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One of these was the Cuneiform Luwian which used the form of Old Babylonian cuneiform that had been adapted for the Hittite language.

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The other was Hieroglyphic Luwian language, which was written in a unique native hieroglyphic script.

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Cuneiform Luwian language is the corpus of Luwian language texts attested in the tablet archives of Hattusa; it is essentially the same cuneiform writing system used in Hittite.

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Hieroglyphic Luwian language is the corpus of Luwian language texts written in a native script, known as Anatolian hieroglyphs.

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Noteworthy phonological development in Luwian is rhotacism; in some cases, d, l, and n becomes r For example, *idi becomes iri and wala- ' becomes wara-.

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At this point the classification of the Luwian language was not yet clear and, since it was believed to be a form of Hittite, it was referred to as Hieroglyphic Hittite.

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