Marrakesh grew rapidly and established itself as a cultural, religious, and trading center for the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa.
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In 1912 the French Protectorate in Morocco was established and T'hami El Glaoui became Pasha of Marrakesh and held this position nearly throughout the protectorate until the role was dissolved upon the independence of Morocco and the reestablishment of the monarchy in 1956.
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Marrakesh is particularly popular with the French, and numerous French celebrities own property in the city.
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Marrakesh has the largest traditional market in Morocco, with some 18 souks selling wares ranging from traditional Berber carpets to modern consumer electronics.
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Marrakesh is served by Menara International Airport and by Marrakesh railway station, which connects the city to Casablanca and northern Morocco.
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Marrakesh has several universities and schools, including Cadi Ayyad University.
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One possible origin of the name Marrakesh is from the Berber words amur akush, which means "Land of God".
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Marrakesh area was inhabited by Berber farmers from Neolithic times, and numerous stone implements have been unearthed in the area.
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Marrakesh preached against the Almoravids and influenced a revolt which succeeded in bringing about the fall of nearby Aghmat, but stopped short of bringing down Marrakesh following an unsuccessful siege in 1130.
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Thanks to its economic, political, and cultural importance, Marrakesh hosted many writers, artists, and intellectuals, many of them from Al-Andalus, including the famous philosopher Averroes of Cordoba.
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In 1269, Marrakesh was conquered by nomadic Zenata tribes who overran the last of the Almohads.
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Thanks to the wealth amassed by the Sultans, Marrakesh was embellished with sumptuous palaces while its ruined monuments were restored.
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Under the Saadian dynasty, Marrakesh regained its former position as a point of contact for caravan routes from the Maghreb, the Mediterranean and sub-Saharan Africa.
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Centuries Marrakesh has been known as the location of the tombs of Morocco's seven patron saints .
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The tombs of several renowned figures were moved to Marrakesh to attract pilgrims, and the pilgrimage associated with the seven saints is a firmly established institution.
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Marrakesh is a vital component of the economy and culture of Morocco.
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Marrakesh is one of North Africa's largest centers of wildlife trade, despite the illegality of most of this trade.
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Marrakesh is a major centre for law and jurisdiction in Morocco and most of the major courts of the region are here.
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Since the legislative elections in November 2011, the ruling political party in Marrakesh has, for the first time, been the Justice and Development Party or PDJ which rules at the national level.
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Marrakesh has the largest traditional market in Morocco and the image of the city is closely associated with its souks.
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Mellah of Marrakesh is the old Jewish Quarter of the city, located is in the kasbah area of the city's medina, east of Place des Ferblantiers.
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Arts and crafts of Marrakesh have had a wide and enduring impact on Moroccan handicrafts to the present day.
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Metalwork made in Marrakesh includes brass lamps, iron lanterns, candle holders made from recycled sardine tins, and engraved brass teapots and tea trays used in the traditional serving of tea.
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Harira soup in Marrakesh typically includes lamb with a blend of chickpeas, lentils, vermicelli, and tomato paste, seasoned with coriander, spices and parsley.
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Desserts of Marrakesh include chebakia, tartlets of filo dough with dried fruit, or cheesecake with dates.
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Marrakesh has several universities and schools, including Cadi Ayyad University, and its component, the Ecole nationale des sciences appliquees de Marrakech, which was created in 2000 by the Ministry of Higher Education and specializes in engineering and scientific research, and the La faculte des sciences et techniques-gueliz which known to be number one in Morocco in its kind of faculties.
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Marrakesh has long been an important centre for healthcare in Morocco, and the regional rural and urban populations alike are reliant upon hospitals in the city.
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In February 2001, the Moroccan government signed a loan agreement worth eight million U S dollars with The OPEC Fund for International Development to help improve medical services in and around Marrakesh, which led to expansions of the Ibn Tofail and Ibn Nafess hospitals.
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