15 Facts About Melchizedek


Joseph Blenkinsopp has suggested that the story of Melchizedek is an informal insertion into the narration, possibly inserted in order to give validity to the priesthood and tithes connected with the Second Temple.

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The majority of Chazalic literature attributes the primary character of the psalm as King David who was a "righteous king" of Salem and, like Melchizedek, had certain priest-like responsibilities, while the Babylonian Talmud understands the chapter as referring to Abram who was victorious in battling to save his nephew Lot and merited priesthood.

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The last section of the work, the Exaltation of Melchizedek, tells how Melchizedek was born of a virgin, Sofonim, the wife of Nir, a brother of Noah.

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Forty days later, Melchizedek was taken by the archangel Gabriel to the Garden of Eden and was thus preserved from the Deluge without having to be in Noah's Ark.

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Story of Melchizedek is a short pseudepigraphon composed in Greek in the first three centuries AD, probably in a Jewish milieu.

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Melchizedek is seen as a divine being in the text and is referred to as "El" or "Elohim", titles usually reserved for God.

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Qumran Scrolls, indicate that Melchizedek was used as a name of the Archangel Michael, interpreted as a heavenly priest; Michael as contrast with Belial, who is given the name of "king of wickedness".

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The Rashbam, Shmuel ben Meir, offers a similar explanation but varies by saying that only Abram's men partook in the booty whereas the Melchizedek intrusion explains that Abram himself was sustained by Melchizedek since he refused to consume of the luxury of Sodom because his Lord was of the non-material world.

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Chronological work quotes that Melchizedek was the first to initiate and complete a wall in circumference of the city, and had to exit Salem to reach Abram and his men.

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Ohr HaChayim commentary presents that God was not angered by Melchizedek's preceding Abram's blessing to that of God, since Abram was rightfully deemed worthy of precedence for independently coming to recognize God amidst a world of Paganism, but Melchizedek willingly gave the priesthood to Abram upon recognizing his outstanding uniqueness and godly character traits.

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Rabbi Isaac the Babylonian said that Melchizedek was born circumcised.

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Rabbi Judah said in Rabbi Nehorai's name that Melchizedek's blessing yielded prosperity for Abram, Isaac, and Jacob.

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The Coming of the Son of God Melchizedek speaks of his return to bring peace, supported by God, and he is a priest-king who dispenses justice.

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Traditional Protestant Christian denominations, following Luther, teach that Melchizedek was a historical figure and an archetype of Christ.

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Melchizedek appears as a character in Paulo Coelho's novel The Alchemist, where he guides the protagonist, Santiago.

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