10 Facts About Mensheviks


Mensheviks were one of the three dominant factions in the Russian socialist movement, the others being the Bolsheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries.

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Martov's supporters, who were in the minority in a crucial vote on the question of party membership, came to be called Mensheviks, derived from the Russian, while Lenin's adherents were known as Bolsheviks, from.

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However, Bolsheviks and Mensheviks were united in voting against the Bundist proposal, which lost 41 to 5.

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In contrast to the 2nd Congress, the Mensheviks were in the majority from start to finish, yet Martov's definition of a party member, which had prevailed at the 1st Congress, was replaced by Lenin's.

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However, after 1905 the Mensheviks were more inclined to work with the liberal bourgeois democratic parties such as the Constitutional Democrats because these would be the "natural" leaders of a bourgeois revolution.

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The Mensheviks came to argue for predominantly legal methods and trade union work, while the Bolsheviks favoured armed violence.

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Some Mensheviks left the party after the defeat of 1905 and joined legal opposition organisations.

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The Menshevik faction split further in 1917 at the middle of World War I Most Mensheviks opposed the war, but a vocal minority supported it in terms of "national defense".

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Mensheviks opposed War Communism and in 1919 suggested an alternative programme.

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The Mensheviks-Internationalists became the hub of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party.

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