11 Facts About Mogao Cave


Mogao Cave is used as the name of a modern town that is administered by Dunhuang city: Mogao Cave Town .

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Mogao Cave was later joined by a second monk Faliang, and the site gradually grew, by the time of the Northern Liang a small community of monks had formed at the site.

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Mogao Cave was followed by a French expedition under Paul Pelliot who acquired many thousands of items in 1908, and then by a Japanese expedition under Otani Kozui in 1911 and a Russian expedition under Sergei F Oldenburg in 1914.

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Mogao Cave exhibited and published the copies of the murals in 1943, which helped to publicize and give much prominence to the art of Dunhuang within China.

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Mogao Cave 17 discovered by Wang Yuanlu came to be known as the Library Mogao Cave.

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The Library Mogao Cave contained textiles such as banners, numerous damaged figurines of Buddhas, and other Buddhist paraphernalia.

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The manuscripts found in the Library Mogao Cave include the earliest dated printed book, the Diamond Sutra from 868, which was first translated from Sanskrit into Chinese in the fourth century.

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One of the central features of Tang art in Mogao Cave is the representation of the paradise of the Pure Land, indicating the increasing popularity of this school of Mahayana Buddhism in the Tang era.

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Original function of the "Library Mogao Cave" was as a shrine commemorating Hong Bian, the 9th-century monk.

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Library Mogao Cave is equally important as a source of rare early images and texts produced by woodblock printing, including the famous Diamond Sutra, the earliest printed book to survive.

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Textiles found in the Library Mogao Cave include silk banners, altar hangings, wrappings for manuscripts, and monks' apparel .

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