10 Facts About Mount Etna


Mount Etna, or simply Etna, is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Metropolitan City of Catania, between the cities of Messina and Catania.

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Mount Etna is one of the world's most active volcanoes and is in an almost constant state of activity.

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One view is that the word Mount Etna is from the Greek a???, meaning "I burn", through an iotacist pronunciation.

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Today, the name Mongibello is used for the area of Mount Etna containing the two central craters, and the craters located southeast and northeast of the volcanic cone.

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Name Mongibel is found in Arthurian Romance, as the name of the otherworld castle of Morgan le Fay and her half-brother, King Arthur, localised at Mount Etna, according to traditions concerning them derived from the stories told by the Breton conteurs who accompanied the Norman occupiers of Sicily.

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Since 1750, seven of Mount Etna's eruptions have had durations of more than 5 years, more than any other volcano except Vesuvius.

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In March 1981, the town of Randazzo on the northwestern flank of Mount Etna narrowly escaped destruction by unusually fast-moving lava flows.

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Borders of ten municipalities meet on the summit of Mount Etna, making this a multipoint of elevenfold complexity.

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Mount Etna is one of Sicily's main tourist attractions, with thousands of visitors every year.

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Ferrovia Circumetnea – Round-Mount Etna railway – is a narrow-gauge railway constructed between 1889 and 1895.

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