15 Facts About Mycenae


Mycenae is an archaeological site near Mykines in Argolis, north-eastern Peloponnese, Greece.

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Mycenae was among the numerous Aegean sites destroyed as part of the Bronze Age Collapse around 1200 BC.

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Unlike many other sites, Mycenae was partly rebuilt after this destruction, though it was no longer the center of a centralized literate bureacuracy.

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Pottery finds suggest that Postpalatial Mycenae eventually regained some its wealth, before burning .

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In 468 BC troops from Argos captured Mycenae, expelled the inhabitants and razed the fortifications.

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Mycenae was briefly reoccupied in the Hellenistic period, when it could boast a theatre .

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The palace of Mycenae probably ruled over a territory two to three times the size of the other palatial states in Bronze Age Greece.

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Classical Greek myths assert that Mycenae was founded by Perseus, grandson of king Acrisius of Argos, son of Acrisius's daughter, Danae and the god Zeus.

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Mycenae set the stage for future greatness by marrying Nicippe, a daughter of King Pelops of Elis, the most powerful state of the region and the times.

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The Perseid dynasty came to an end and the people of Mycenae placed Eurystheus's maternal uncle, Atreus, a Pelopid, on the throne.

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People of Mycenae had received advice from an oracle that they should choose a new king from among the Pelopids.

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Mycenae's first move was to pursue Thyestes and all his family – that is, his own kin – but Thyestes managed to escape from Mycenae.

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Mycenae returned as an adult with his sister Electra to slay Clytemnestra and Aegistheus.

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Mycenae then fled to Athens to evade justice and a matricide, and became insane for a time.

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Mycenae found the ancient shaft graves with their royal skeletons and spectacular grave goods.

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