32 Facts About Nadezhda Krupskaya


Nadezhda Krupskaya embraced Marxism and met Lenin at a Marxist discussion group in 1894.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was deputy education commissar from 1929 to 1939, with strong influence over the Soviet educational system, including development of Soviet librarianship.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was born to an upper class but impoverished family.


Nadezhda Krupskaya's father, Konstantin Ignatyevich Krupski, was a Russian military officer and a nobleman of the Russian Empire who had been orphaned in 1847 at the age of nine.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was educated and given a commission as an infantry officer in the Russian Army.


Nadezhda Krupskaya's mother, Yelizaveta Vasilyevna Tistrova, was a daughter of landless Russian nobles.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was one of those who are forever committed, once they have been possessed by their thoughts and feelings.


Nadezhda Krupskaya had expressed an interest in entering the education field from a young age.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was particularly drawn to Leo Tolstoy's theories on education, which were fluid instead of structured.


Nadezhda Krupskaya first met Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov in February 1894 at a similar discussion group.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was impressed by his speeches but not his personality, at least not at first.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was briefly interned in the Peter and Paul Fortress, but was released after another female convict burned herself to death.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was sentenced to three years exile in Ufa, but before she was deported, she received a "secret note" from Lenin, delivered by her mother, which suggested that she could be permitted to join him in his place of exile, a village in the Minusinsk region of Siberia if she told people she was his fiancee.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was permitted to accompany Lenin but only if they were married as soon as she arrived.


Nadezhda Krupskaya's mother travelled with her to Siberia, where she joined Lenin in May 1898.


Nadezhda Krupskaya became secretary of the Central Committee in 1905; she returned to Russia the same year, but left again after the failed revolution of 1905 and worked as a teacher in France for a couple of years.


Nadezhda Krupskaya became chair of the education committee in 1920 and was the deputy education commissar from 1929 to 1939.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was instrumental in foundation of the Soviet educational system itself.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was fundamental in the development of Soviet librarianship.


Nadezhda Krupskaya became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1924, a member of its control commission in 1927, a member of the Supreme Soviet in 1931 and an honorary citizen in 1931.


In December 1922, just after Lenin had suffered a second stroke, Nadezhda Krupskaya had a violent quarrel with Stalin, who was demanding access to Lenin, when she argued that he was too ill.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was quoted by Trotsky's son Leon Sedov in his book The Red Book: On the Moscow Trial as saying "Lenin was only saved from prison by his death".


Nadezhda Krupskaya wrote a memoir of her life with Lenin, translated in 1930 as Memories of Lenin and in 1959 as Reminiscences of Lenin.


Nadezhda Krupskaya died in Moscow on 27 February 1939, the day after her seventieth birthday, and her ashes were buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis.


Nadezhda Krupskaya directed a census of the libraries in order to address these issues.


Nadezhda Krupskaya encouraged libraries to collaborate and to open their doors to the general public.


Nadezhda Krupskaya encouraged librarians to use common speech when speaking with patrons.


Nadezhda Krupskaya, therefore, advocated creation of library "seminaries" where practicing librarians would instruct aspiring librarians in the skills of their profession, similar to those in the West.


Nadezhda Krupskaya desired that librarians possess greater verbal and writing skills so that they could more clearly explain why certain reading materials were better than others to their patrons.


Nadezhda Krupskaya believed that explaining resource choices to patrons was a courtesy and an opportunity for more education in socialist political values, not something that was required of the librarian.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was a committed Marxist for whom each element of public education was a step toward improving the life of her people, granting all individuals access to the tools of education and libraries, needed to forge a more fulfilling life.


Nadezhda Krupskaya was present at the plenum of the Central Committee in February 1937 which decided the fate of Nikolai Bukharin and Alexei Rykov, and voted in favour of expelling both from the Communist Party.