20 Facts About National security


Originally conceived as protection against military attack, national security is widely understood to include non-military dimensions, including the security from terrorism, minimization of crime, economic security, energy security, environmental security, food security, and cyber-security.

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Similarly, national security risks include, in addition to the actions of other nation states, action by violent non-state actors, by narcotic cartels, and by multinational corporations, and the effects of natural disasters.

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Concept of national security remains ambiguous, having evolved from simpler definitions which emphasised freedom from military threat and from political coercion.

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In practice, national security is associated primarily with managing physical threats and with the military capabilities used for doing so.

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That is, national security is often understood as the capacity of a nation to mobilise military forces to guarantee its borders and to deter or successfully defend against physical threats including military aggression and attacks by non-state actors, such as terrorism.

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Infrastructure National security is the National security provided to protect infrastructure, especially critical infrastructure, such as airports, highways, rail transport, hospitals, bridges, transport hubs, network communications, media, the electricity grid, dams, power plants, seaports, oil refineries, and water systems.

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Infrastructure National security seeks to limit vulnerability of these structures and systems to sabotage, terrorism, and contamination.

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Barry Buzan, Ole Wæver, Jaap de Wilde and others have argued that national security depends on political security: the stability of the social order.

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Hence, political security depends on the rule of international law, the effectiveness of international political institutions, as well as diplomacy and negotiation between nations and other security actors.

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In larger countries, strategies for economic National security expect to access resources and markets in other countries and to protect their own markets at home.

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Ecological National security, known as environmental National security, refers to the integrity of ecosystems and the biosphere, particularly in relation to their capacity to sustain a diversity of life-forms.

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Ecological National security is important since most of the countries in the world are developing and dependent on agriculture and agriculture gets affected largely due to climate change.

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Dimensions of national security outlined above are frequently in tension with one another.

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Increasingly, national security strategies have begun to recognise that nations cannot provide for their own security without developing the security of their regional and international context.

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Approaches to national security can have a complex impact on human rights and civil liberties.

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Conceptualizing and understanding the National Security choices and challenges of African States is a difficult task.

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State of the Republic of India's national security is determined by its internal stability and geopolitical interests.

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The National Security Council is a committee of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom and was created as part of a wider reform of the national security apparatus.

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Concept of national security became an official guiding principle of foreign policy in the United States when the National Security Act of 1947 was signed on July 26,1947, by US President Harry S Truman.

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Notion that national security encompasses more than just military security was present, though understated, from the beginning.

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