29 Facts About Nevis


Nevis is located near the northern end of the Lesser Antilles archipelago, about 350 kilometres east-southeast of Puerto Rico and 80 kilometres west of Antigua.

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Saint Kitts and Nevis are separated by a shallow 3-kilometre channel known as "The Narrows".

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Nevis is roughly conical in shape, with a volcano known as Nevis Peak at its centre.

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The name Nevis is derived from the Spanish Nuestra Senora de las Nieves ; the name was given by its Spanish discoverers and first appeared on maps in the 16th century.

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Nevis is known by the sobriquet "Queen of the Caribees", which it earned in the 18th century from sugar plantations.

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Nevis is of particular historical significance to Americans because it was the birthplace and early childhood home of Alexander Hamilton.

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Current name Nevis was derived from a Spanish name Nuestra Senora de las Nieves by process of abbreviation and anglicisation.

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Presumably the white clouds that usually cover the top of Nevis Peak reminded someone of this story of a miraculous snowfall in a hot climate.

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Nevis was part of the Spanish claim to the Caribbean islands; a claim pursued until the 1670 Treaty of Madrid, even though there were no Spanish settlements on the island.

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Hubbard suggests that the reason the first European settlers found so few "Kalinago" on Nevis is that they had already been rounded up by the Spanish and shipped off to be used as slaves.

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Nevis had been settled for more than two thousand years by Amerindian people prior to having been sighted by Columbus in 1493.

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Nevis outranked larger islands like Jamaica in sugar production in the late 17th century.

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The sums recorded for 1676 as "head tax on slaves", a tax payable in sugar, amounted to 384,600 pounds in Nevis, as opposed to 67,000 each in Antigua and Saint Kitts, 62,500 in Montserrat, and 5,500 total in the other five islands.

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Profits on sugar cultivation in Nevis was enhanced by the fact that the cane juice from Nevis yielded an unusually high amount of sugar.

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Exports from West Indian colonies like Nevis were worth more than all the exports from all the mainland Thirteen Colonies of North America combined at the time of the American Revolution.

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Nevis was united with Saint Kitts and Anguilla in 1882, and they became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967, though Anguilla seceded in 1971.

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Nevis had two seats and Anguilla one seat in the government.

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The island remained poorer than Saint Kitts until 1991, when the fiscal performance of Nevis edged ahead of the fiscal performance of Saint Kitts for the first time since the French invasion.

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Nevis Peak is the dormant remnant of one of these ancient stratovolcanoes.

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The composite cone of Nevis volcano has two overlapping summit craters that are partially filled by a lava dome, created in recent, pre-Columbian time.

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Colour of the sand on the beaches of Nevis is variable: on a lot of the bigger beaches the sand is a yellow-grey in colour, but some beaches on the southern coast have darker, reddish, or even black sand.

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Under a microscope it becomes clear that Nevis sand is a mixture of tiny fragments of coral, many foraminifera, and small crystals of the various mineral constituents of the volcanic rock of which the island is made.

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Nevis Peak has the highest elevation, at 984 m Cades Bay and Farm Estate Soufriere are noted areas of hydrothermal activity.

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Nevis has a constitutionally protected right to secede from the federation, should a two-thirds majority of the island's population vote for independence in a local referendum.

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Nevis has its own premier and its own government, the Nevis Island Administration.

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In 1996, four new bills were introduced in the National Assembly in Saint Kitts, one of which made provisions to have revenue derived from activities in Nevis paid directly to the treasury in Saint Kitts instead of to the treasury in Nevis.

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Issues of political dissension between Saint Kitts and Nevis are often centred around perceptions of imbalance in the economic structure.

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Island of Nevis is divided into five administrative subdivisions called parishes, each of which has an elected representative in the Nevis Island Assembly.

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Nevis writes that the Tea Meetings were staged as theatrical "battles between decorum and chaos", decorum represented by the ceremony chairmen and chaos the hecklers in the audience, with a diplomatic King or a Queen presiding over the battle to ensure fairness.

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