12 Facts About Nuu-chah-nulth


Nuu-chah-nulth, formerly referred to as the Nootka, Nutka, Aht, Nuuchahnulth or Tahkaht, are one of the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast in Canada.

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The term Nuu-chah-nulth is used to describe fifteen related tribes whose traditional home is on the west coast of Vancouver Island.

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The Nuu-chah-nulth are related to the Kwakwaka'wakw, the Haisla, and the Ditidaht First Nation.

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Nuu-chah-nulth were among the first Pacific peoples north of California to encounter Europeans, who sailed into their area for trade, particularly the Maritime fur trade.

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Nuu-chah-nulth were one of the few Indigenous peoples on the Pacific Coast who hunted whales.

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Carbon dating shows that the Nuu-chah-nulth peoples hunted whales over 4000 years ago for both blubber and meat.

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The Nuu-chah-nulth peoples hunted whales of different species due to the range of territory that they reside in and the migration pattern of the whales.

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The traditional whaling practices of the fourteen different Nuu-chah-nulth nations vary as each community has their own distinct traditions, ceremonies, and rituals.

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Nuu-chah-nulth peoples gathered food from marine environments including fish species such as halibut, herring, rockfish, and salmon which were caught along the coast while along the shoreline other sea inhabitant like clams, sea urchins, and mussels were harvested at low tide.

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Nuu-chah-nulth nations gathered resources from the land as food sources.

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Some Nuu-chah-nulth nations tended the growth of camas root and Crabapple trees in order to maintain them as a source of food.

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Nuu-chah-nulth nations used the wood and bark of red and yellow cedar trees as both a building material and to produce many different objects.

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