41 Facts About Oregon


Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the Western United States.

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Oregon has been home to many indigenous nations for thousands of years.

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Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U S, marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands.

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Oregon's boundaries were disputed for a time, contributing to tensions between the U K and the U S, but the border was defined peacefully in the 1846 Oregon Treaty.

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In December 1844, Oregon passed its Black Exclusion Law, which prohibited African Americans from entering the territory while simultaneously prohibiting slavery.

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In 1902, Oregon introduced direct legislation by the state's citizens through initiatives and referenda, known as the Oregon System.

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Hydroelectric power, food, and lumber provided by Oregon helped fuel the development of the West, although the periodic fluctuations in the U S building industry have hurt the state's economy on multiple occasions.

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In 1994, Oregon became the first U S state to legalize physician-assisted suicide through the Oregon Death with Dignity Act.

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Oregon is 295 miles north to south at longest distance, and 395 miles east to west.

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Oregon is home to what is considered the largest single organism in the world, an Armillaria solidipes fungus beneath the Malheur National Forest of eastern Oregon.

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Oregon has several National Park System sites, including Crater Lake National Park in the southern part of the Cascades, John Day Fossil Beds National Monument east of the Cascades, Lewis and Clark National Historical Park on the north coast, and Oregon Caves National Monument near the south coast.

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Western Oregon's climate is heavily influenced by the Pacific Ocean; the western third of Oregon is very wet in the winter, moderately to very wet during the spring and fall, and dry during the summer.

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The relative humidity of Western Oregon is high except during summer days, which are semi-dry to semi-humid; Eastern Oregon typically sees low humidity year-round.

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Oregon's population is largely concentrated in the Willamette Valley, which stretches from Eugene in the south through Corvallis and Salem to Portland .

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In southern Oregon, Medford is a rapidly growing metro area and is home to the Rogue Valley International-Medford Airport, the state's third-busiest airport.

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Oregon was the top moving destination in 2013, and the second-most popular destination in 2010 through 2012.

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Oregon has frequently been cited by statistical agencies for having a smaller percentage of religious communities than other U S states.

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Oregon contains the largest community of Russian Old Believers to be found in the United States.

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Oregon has the third largest amount of food stamp users in the nation .

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Oregon has one of the largest salmon-fishing industries in the world, although ocean fisheries have reduced the river fisheries in recent years.

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Oregon is home to many breweries, and Portland has the largest number of breweries of any city in the world.

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Oregon has historically been a popular region for film shoots due to its diverse landscapes, as well as its proximity to Hollywood.

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Movies filmed in Oregon include: Animal House, Free Willy, The General, The Goonies, Kindergarten Cop, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, and Stand By Me.

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Oregon is home to several large datacenters that take advantage of cheap power and a climate conducive to reducing cooling costs.

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Oregon is the home of large corporations in other industries.

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In 2015, a total of seven companies headquartered in Oregon landed in the Fortune 1000: Nike, at 106; Precision Castparts Corp.

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Oregon voters have been resolute in their opposition to a sales tax, voting proposals down each of the nine times they have been presented.

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Oregon has the fifth highest personal income tax in the nation.

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State of Oregon allows transit district to levy an income tax on employers and the self-employed.

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Since then, Oregon has cut its higher education budget and now ranks 46th in the country in state spending per student.

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Oregon is home to a wide variety of private colleges, the majority of which are located in the Portland area.

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Governors in Oregon serve four-year terms and are limited to two consecutive terms, but an unlimited number of total terms.

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Oregon has no lieutenant governor; in case the office of governor is vacated, ArticleV, Section 8a of the Oregon Constitution specifies that the Secretary of State is first in line for succession.

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Since the late 1990s, Oregon has been represented by four Democrats and one Republican in the U S House of Representatives.

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Oregon voters have elected Democratic governors in every election since 1986, most recently electing Kate Brown over Republican Bud Pierce in a 2016 special election for a two-year term, and re-electing her for a full four-year term over Republican Knute Buehler in 2018.

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In following years, the primary election to select party candidates was adopted in 1904, and in 1908 the Oregon Constitution was amended to include recall of public officials.

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Oregon pioneered the American use of postal voting, beginning with experimentation approved by the Oregon Legislative Assembly in 1981 and culminating with a 1998 ballot measure mandating that all counties conduct elections by mail.

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In 1994, Oregon adopted the Oregon Health Plan, which made health care available to most of its citizens without private health insurance.

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Oregon has supported Democratic candidates in the last nine elections.

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Oregon is home to three major professional sports teams: the Portland Trail Blazers of the NBA, the Portland Thorns FC of the NWSL and the Portland Timbers of MLS.

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Until 2011, the only major professional sports team in Oregon was the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association.

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