31 Facts About Oregon

1. Oregon became the 33rd state of the US on February 14, 1859.

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2. Today, with 4 million people over 98,000 square miles, Oregon is the ninth largest and 27th most populous US state.

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3. Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the US, marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands.

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4. Oregon became a state on February 14, 1859, and as of 2015 has more than four million residents.

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5. Exploration continued routinely in 1774, starting with the expedition of the frigate Santiago by Juan Jose Perez Hernandez, and the coast of Oregon became a valuable trade route to Asia.

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6. Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859, though no one in Oregon knew it until March 15.

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7. In 1902, Oregon introduced direct legislation by the state's citizens through initiatives and referenda, known as the Oregon System.

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8. Hydroelectric power, food, and lumber provided by Oregon helped fuel the development of the West, although the periodic fluctuations in the US building industry have hurt the state's economy on multiple occasions.

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9. The Bottle Bill system in Oregon was created to control litter.

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10. Typical of a western state, Oregon is home to a unique and diverse array of wildlife.

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11. Oregon is the top timber producer of the lower 48 states.

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12. The relative humidity of Western Oregon is high except during summer days, which are semi-dry to semi-humid; Eastern Oregon typically sees low humidity year-round.

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13. Eastern Oregon is sparsely populated, but is home to Hermiston, which with a population of 18,000 is the largest and fastest-growing city in the region.

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14. Oregon was the nation's "Top Moving Destination" in 2014, with two families moving into the state for every one moving out.

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15. Oregon was the top moving destination in 2013, and the second-most popular destination in 2010 through 2012.

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16. Center of population of Oregon is located in Linn County, in the city of Lyons.

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17. Oregon contains the largest community of Russian Old Believers to be found in the United States.

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18. In 2005, Oregon ranked third among US states with 303 wineries.

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19. Oregon is home to many breweries, and Portland has the largest number of breweries of any city in the world.

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20. Movies filmed in Oregon include: Animal House, Free Willy, The General, The Goonies, Kindergarten Cop, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, and Stand By Me.

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21. Oregon is home to several large datacenters that take advantage of cheap power and a climate conducive to reducing cooling costs.

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22. Oregon is the home of large corporations in other industries.

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23. Oregon is home to Mentor Graphics Corporation, a world leader in electronic design automation located in Wilsonville and employs roughly 4,500 people worldwide.

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24. Oregon is one of only five states that have no sales tax.

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25. State of Oregon allows transit district to levy an income tax on employers and the self-employed.

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26. Oregon is home to a wide variety of private colleges, the majority of which are located in the Portland area.

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27. Oregon maintained a territorial government until February 14, 1859, when it was granted statehood.

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28. Oregon pioneered the American use of postal voting, beginning with experimentation approved by the Oregon Legislative Assembly in 1981 and culminating with a 1998 ballot measure mandating that all counties conduct elections by mail.

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29. In 1994, Oregon adopted the Oregon Health Plan, which made health care available to most of its citizens without private health insurance.

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30. Oregon is home to three major professional sports teams: the Portland Trail Blazers of the NBA, the Portland Thorns FC of the NWSL and the Portland Timbers of MLS.

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31. Until 2011, the only major professional sports team in Oregon was the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association.

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