17 Facts About Pashtunistan


Pashtunistan first gained an autonomous status in 1709, when Mirwais Hotak successfully revolted against the Safavids in Loy Kandahar.

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Khan later stated that "Pashtunistan was never a reality" and that the idea of an independent Pashtunistan would never help Pashtuns and only cause suffering for them.

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Pashtunistan further stated that the "successive governments of Afghanistan only exploited the idea for their own political goals".

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Afghanistan is a reference to this land by its ethnicity, which were the Afghans, while Pashtunistan is a reference to this land by its language.

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Mention of this land by the name of Afghanistan predates mention by the name of Pashtunistan, which has been mentioned by Ahmad Shah Durrani in his famous couplet, by 6th-century Indian astronomer Varahamihira, 7th-century Chinese pilgrim Hiven Tsiang, 14th-century Moroccan scholar Ibn Battuta, Mughal Emperor Babur, 16th-century historian Firishta and many others.

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Pashto name Pakhtunistan or Pashtunistan evolved originally from the Indian word "Pathanistan" .

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The main language spoken in the delineated Pashtunistan region is Pashto followed by others such as Balochi, Hindko, Gojri, and Urdu.

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The eastern parts of Pashtunistan were ruled by the Mughal Empire, while the western parts were ruled by the Persian Safavids as their easternmost provinces.

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In June 1947, Mirzali Khan, Bacha Khan, and other Khudai Khidmatgars declared the Bannu Resolution, demanding that the Pashtuns be given a choice to have an independent state of Pashtunistan composing all Pashtun majority territories of British India, instead of being made to join the new state of Pakistan.

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Concept of Pashtunistan has varying meanings across Pakistan and Afghanistan.

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The Pashtunistan demand served the cause of domestic Afghan politics, where several successive governments used the idea to strengthen "Pashtun ethnic support" for the state.

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Pashtunistan wanted Pashtun-dominated areas like Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baloch-dominated areas like Balochistan to become part of Afghanistan.

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Pashtunistan further said that "successive Afghan governments have exploited the idea for their own political ends".

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Pashtunistan made this declaration while he was on an official visit to Islamabad, Pakistan.

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Since the late 19th century, the traditional Pashtunistan region has gradually expanded to the Amu River in the north.

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Durand Line and Pashtunistan issues have been raised by different Afghan regimes in the past.

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Prominent 20th century proponents of the Pashtunistan cause have included Khan Abdul Wali Khan and Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan.

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