34 Facts About Safavids


Safavids ruled from 1501 to 1722 and, at their height, they controlled all of what is Iran, Republic of Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Armenia, eastern Georgia, parts of the North Caucasus including Russia, Iraq, Kuwait, and Afghanistan, as well as parts of Turkey, Syria, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

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The Safavids have left their mark down to the present era by establishing Twelver Shi?ism as the state religion of Iran, as well as spreading Shi?a Islam in major parts of the Middle East, Central Asia, Caucasus, Anatolia, the Persian Gulf, and Mesopotamia.

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Safavids had been married to Uzun Hassan in exchange for protection of the Grand Komnenos from the Ottomans.

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The Chaldiran battle holds historical significance as the start of over 300 years of frequent and harsh warfare fueled by geo-politics and ideological differences between the Ottomans and the Iranian Safavids mainly regarding territories in Eastern Anatolia, the Caucasus, and Mesopotamia.

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Safavids reduced the taxes of districts that were traditionally Shi?i, regulated services in mosques and engaged Shi?i propagandists and spies.

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Safavids had all his relatives killed except for his older brother, Mohammad Khudabanda, who, being nearly blind, was not a real candidate for the throne, and Mohammad's three sons, Hamza Mirza, Abbas Mirza and Abu Talib Mirza.

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Safavids did not last much longer than Mohammad's installation at Qazvin, where she was murdered.

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Safavids was done in by intrigues by the vizier Mirza Salman Jaberi and Mohammad's chief wife Khayr al-Nisa Begum, known as Mahd-i 'Ulya.

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Safavids was by no means content to exercise a more or less indirect influence on affairs of state: instead, she openly carried out all essential functions herself, including the appointment of the chief officers of the realm.

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Safavids did so by taking the humiliating step of coming to peace terms with the Ottomans by making, for now, permanent their territorial gains in Iraq and the territories in the north, including Azerbaijan, Qarabagh, Ganja, eastern Georgia, Dagestan, and Kurdistan.

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The Safavids ultimately succeeded in establishing a new Persian national monarchy.

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Safavids used his new force to dislodge the Portuguese from Bahrain and, with English help, from Hormuz, in the Persian Gulf.

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Safavids expanded commercial links with the English East India Company and the Dutch East India Company.

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Ottoman Turks and Safavids fought over the fertile plains of Iraq for more than 150 years.

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Safavids was eventually successful in making the eastern Georgian territories an integral part of the Safavid provinces.

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Shah Ismail I was the first of the Safavids to try to establish an alliance against the common Ottoman enemy through the earlier stages of the Habsburg–Persian alliance, but this proved to be largely unfruitful during his reign.

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Safavids then besieged the capital of Isfahan, until Shah Soltan Hoseyn abdicated and acknowledged him as the new king of Iran.

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Safavids had removed them from power and banished them from Iran by 1729.

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Immediately after Nader Shah's assassination in 1747 and the disintegration of his short-lived empire, the Safavids were re-appointed as shahs of Iran in order to lend legitimacy to the nascent Zand dynasty.

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Nevertheless, the Iranian society during the Safavids was that of a hierarchy, with the Shah at the apex of the hierarchical pyramid, the common people, merchants and peasants at the base, and the aristocrats in between.

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Safavids admired their consideration towards foreigners, but he stumbled upon characteristics that he found challenging.

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Safavids considered them to be a well-educated and well-behaved people.

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Safavids then went on to completely reduce the number of Qizilbash provincial governorships and systematically moved qizilbash governors to other districts, thus disrupting their ties with the local community, and reducing their power.

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Safavids enjoyed tremendous power and control over national affairs as he was the immediate deputy of the Shah.

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Safavids was perhaps the closest advisor to the Shah, and, as such, functioned as his eyes and ears within the Court.

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Safavids was responsible for introducing all guests, receiving petitions presented to the Shah and reading them if required.

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Safavids thought that there was nothing like it in France or Italy:.

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Safavids blamed this on misgovernment, the sparse population of the country, and lack of appreciation of agriculture amongst the Persians.

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Safavids examined our baggage, but in the most obliging manner possible, not opening our trunks or packages, and was satisfied with a small tax, which was his due.

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Safavids convinced the British to assist him by allowing them to open factories in Shiraz, Isfahan and Jask.

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Furthermore, the Safavids maintained a sizeable sphere of influence overseas, particularly in the Deccan region of India.

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Safavids's painting and calligraphic style influenced Iranian artists for much of the Safavid period, which came to be known as the Isfahan school.

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Safavids wrote the Al-Hikma al-muta'aliya fi-l-asfar al-'aqliyya al-arba'a, a meditation on what he called 'meta philosophy' which brought to a synthesis the philosophical mysticism of Sufism, the theology of Shi'a Islam, and the Peripatetic and Illuminationist philosophies of Avicenna and Suhrawardi.

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Safavids used Persian as a cultural and administrative language throughout the empire and were bilingual in Persian.

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