12 Facts About Dagestan


Dagestan covers an area of 50, 300 square kilometres, with a population of over 3.

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Some areas of Dagestan were known as Lekia, Avaria and Tarki at various times.

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Between 1860 and 1920, Dagestan was referred to as Dagestan Oblast, corresponding to the southeastern part of the present-day republic.

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Dagestan has about 405 kilometers of coastline on the world's largest lake, the Caspian Sea.

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Dagestan is rich in oil, natural gas, coal, and many other minerals.

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From 1747 onwards, the Persian-ruled part of Dagestan was administered through the Derbent Khanate, with its center at Derbent.

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Dagestan has one of the highest unemployment rates in Russia.

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In September, Dagestan became a center of the 2022 North Caucasian protests against mobilization.

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The Constitutional Assembly of Dagestan appoints the members of the State Council for a term of four years.

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In 2006, a genetic study of the Dagestan populations, published in Human Biology, suggested that inhabitants of Dagestan are closely related to Anatolian Turks and Cypriot Turks.

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Major industries in Dagestan include oil production, engineering, chemicals, machine building, textile manufacturing, food processing and timber.

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Corruption in Dagestan is more severe than in other regions of the former Soviet Union and is coupled with a flourishing black market and clan-based economic system.

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