46 Facts About Uzbekistan


Uzbekistan is part of the Turkic world, as well as a member of the Organization of Turkic States.

FactSnippet No. 522,561

Uzbekistan is a secular state, with a presidential constitutional government in place.

FactSnippet No. 522,562

Strengths indicated by the Brookings Institution include Uzbekistan having large liquid assets, high economic growth, and low public debt.

FactSnippet No. 522,563

Uzbekistan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, United Nations and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).

FactSnippet No. 522,564

For many centuries the region of Uzbekistan was ruled by the Persian empires, including the Parthian and Sassanid Empires, as well as by other empires, for example, those formed by the Turko-Persian Hephthalite and Turkic Gokturk peoples.

FactSnippet No. 522,565

Uzbekistan invaded Russia before dying during an invasion of China in 1405.

FactSnippet No. 522,566

On 31 August 1991, Uzbekistan declared independence after the failed coup attempt in Moscow.

FactSnippet No. 522,567

Highest point in Uzbekistan is Khazret Sultan at 4, 643 metres above sea level, in the southern part of the Gissar Range in the Surxondaryo Region on the border with Tajikistan, just northwest of Dushanbe (formerly called Peak of the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party).

FactSnippet No. 522,568

Uzbekistan is home to six terrestrial ecoregions: Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe, Gissaro-Alai open woodlands, Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert, Central Asian northern desert, Central Asian riparian woodlands, and Central Asian southern desert.

FactSnippet No. 522,569

Uzbekistan has been home to seismic activity, as evidenced by the 1902 Andijan earthquake, 2011 Fergana Valley earthquake, and 1966 Tashkent earthquake.

FactSnippet No. 522,570

Uzbekistan visited all the Uzbek regions and big cities to get acquainted with the implementation of the projects and reforms which he ordered.

FactSnippet No. 522,571

Uzbekistan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States in December 1991.

FactSnippet No. 522,572

Since that time, Uzbekistan has participated in the CIS peacekeeping force in Tajikistan and in UN-organized groups to help resolve the Tajikistan and Afghanistan conflicts, both of which it sees as posing threats to its own stability.

FactSnippet No. 522,573

Previously close to Washington, the government of Uzbekistan has recently restricted American military use of the airbase at Karshi-Khanabad for air operations in neighbouring Afghanistan.

FactSnippet No. 522,574

Uzbekistan was an active supporter of U S efforts against worldwide terrorism.

FactSnippet No. 522,575

In late July 2005, the government of Uzbekistan ordered the United States to vacate an airbase in Karshi-Kanabad within 180 days.

FactSnippet No. 522,576

Uzbekistan is a member of the United Nations (since 2 March 1992), the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC), Partnership for Peace (PfP), and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).

FactSnippet No. 522,577

In 1999, Uzbekistan joined the GUAM alliance, which was formed in 1997 (making it GUUAM), but pulled out of the organisation in 2005.

FactSnippet No. 522,578

Uzbekistan is a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and hosts the SCO's Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) in Tashkent.

FactSnippet No. 522,579

Uzbekistan joined the new Central Asian Cooperation Organisation in 2002.

FactSnippet No. 522,580

In December 1994 Uzbekistan applied for the World Trade Organization membership and received an observer status to start the accession process.

FactSnippet No. 522,581

The EU announced that it was planning to send a delegation to Uzbekistan to talk about human rights and liberties, after a long period of hostile relations between the two.

FactSnippet No. 522,582

Government of Uzbekistan is accused of unlawful termination of human life and of denying its citizens freedom of assembly and freedom of expression.

FactSnippet No. 522,583

The country has significant untapped reserves of oil and gas: there are 194 deposits of hydrocarbons in Uzbekistan, including 98 condensate and natural gas deposits and 96 gas condensate deposits.

FactSnippet No. 522,584

Uzbekistan improved marginally in the 2020 Ease of Doing Business ranking by the World Bank.

FactSnippet No. 522,585

In 2011, Uzbekistan was the world's seventh-largest producer and fifth-largest exporter of cotton as well as the seventh-largest world producer of gold.

FactSnippet No. 522,586

Cotton production in Uzbekistan is important to the national economy of the country.

FactSnippet No. 522,587

Since 1994, the state-controlled media have repeatedly proclaimed the success of this "Uzbekistan Economic Model" and suggested that it is a unique example of a smooth transition to the market economy while avoiding shock, pauperism and stagnation.

FactSnippet No. 522,588

For years, the largest barrier to foreign companies entering the Uzbekistan market has been the difficulty of converting currency.

FactSnippet No. 522,589

Government of Uzbekistan restricts foreign imports in many ways, including high import duties.

FactSnippet No. 522,590

Uzbekistan has a Bilateral Investment Treaty with fifty other countries.

FactSnippet No. 522,591

Uzbekistan is predicted to be one of the fastest-growing economies in the world in future decades, according to a survey by global bank HSBC.

FactSnippet No. 522,592

Uzbekistan is a secular country and Article 61 of its constitution states that religious organizations and associations shall be separated from the state and equal before law.

FactSnippet No. 522,593

However, since 2015 there has been a slight increase in Islamist activity, with small organisations such as the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan declaring allegiance to ISIL and contributing fighters abroad, although the terror threat in Uzbekistan itself remains low.

FactSnippet No. 522,594

Since the 1980s most of the Jews of Uzbekistan emigrated to Israel or to the United States of America.

FactSnippet No. 522,595

In 1993 Uzbekistan shifted back to the Latin script, which was modified in 1996 and is being taught in schools since 2000.

FactSnippet No. 522,596

Uzbekistan launched the first high-speed railway in Central Asia in September 2011 between Tashkent and Samarqand.

FactSnippet No. 522,597

Yet the government of Uzbekistan has denied this statement claiming that there has never been such a case.

FactSnippet No. 522,598

On 23 June 2006, Uzbekistan became a full participant in the Collective Security Treaty Organization, but informed the CSTO to suspend its membership in June 2012.

FactSnippet No. 522,599

Uzbekistan has a wide mix of ethnic groups and cultures, with the Uzbek being the majority group.

FactSnippet No. 522,600

When Uzbekistan gained independence in 1991, there was concern that Muslim fundamentalism would spread across the region.

FactSnippet No. 522,601

Uzbekistan has encountered severe budget shortfalls in its education program.

FactSnippet No. 522,602

Uzbekistan has 14 wineries, the oldest and most famous being the Khovrenko Winery in Samarkand.

FactSnippet No. 522,603

Uzbekistan is the 60th athlete to be disqualified from the London Olympics after the event.

FactSnippet No. 522,604

Uzbekistan won the WBA champion title in 2007 after defeating Nikolai Valuev.

FactSnippet No. 522,605

Uzbekistan has its own Tennis Federation called the "UTF", created in 2002.

FactSnippet No. 522,606