25 Facts About Tashkent


In 1865, Tashkent fell to the Russian Empire; it became the capital of Russian Turkestan.

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Much of Tashkent was destroyed in the 1966 Tashkent earthquake, but it was rebuilt as a model Soviet city.

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Today, as the capital of an independent Uzbekistan, Tashkent retains a multiethnic population, with ethnic Uzbeks as the majority.

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Abu Rayhan Biruni wrote that the city's name Tashkent comes from the Turkic tash and kent, literally translated as "Stone City" or "City of Stones".

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Tashkent was first settled some time between the 5th and 3rd centuries BC by ancient people as an oasis on the Chirchik River, near the foothills of the West Tian Shan Mountains.

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Tashkent was conquered by the Arabs at the beginning of the 8th century.

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The modern spelling of "Tashkent" reflects Russian orthography and 20th-century Soviet influence.

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Later the city was subordinated to Shaybanid Abdullah Khan II, who issued his coins hereFrom 1598 to 1604 Tashkent was ruled by the Shaybanid Keldi Muhammad, who issued silver and copper coins on his behalf.

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Under the Kokand domination, Tashkent was surrounded by a moat and an adobe battlement with 12 gates.

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The Tashkent clergy favored the clergy of Bukhara over that of Kokand.

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Tashkent abolished taxes for a year, rode unarmed through the streets and bazaars meeting common people, and appointed himself "Military Governor of Tashkent", recommending to Tsar Alexander II that the city become an independent khanate under Russian protection.

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Tashkent was a center of espionage in the Great Game rivalry between Russia and the United Kingdom over Central Asia.

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Tashkent was rebuilt as a model Soviet city with wide streets planted with shade trees, parks, immense plazas for parades, fountains, monuments, and acres of apartment blocks.

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At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Tashkent was the fourth-largest city in the USSR and a center of learning in the fields of science and engineering.

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Tashkent is the capital of and the most cosmopolitan city in Uzbekistan.

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The "Downtown Tashkent" district includes the 22-story NBU Bank building, international hotels, the International Business Center, and the Plaza Building.

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Tashkent Business district is a special district, established for the development of small, medium and large businesses in Uzbekistan.

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In 2007, Tashkent was named a "cultural capital of the Islamic world" by Moscow News, as the city has numerous historic mosques and significant Islamic sites, including the Islamic University.

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Tashkent holds the Samarkand Kufic Quran, one of the earliest written copies of the Quran, which has been located in the city since 1924.

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Tashkent is the most visited city in the country, and has greatly benefited from increasing tourism as a result of reforms under president Shavkat Mirziyoyev and opening up by abolishing visas for visitors from the European Union and other developing countries or making visas easier for foreigners.

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Tashkent is situated in a well-watered plain on the road between Samarkand, Uzbekistan's second city, and Shymkent across the border.

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Tashkent sits at the confluence of the Chirchiq River and several of its tributaries and is built on deep alluvial deposits up to 15 metres .

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Tashkent was the fourth most populated city in the former USSR, after Moscow, Leningrad, and Kyiv.

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Tashkent has a World War II memorial park and a Defender of Motherland monument.

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Humo Tashkent was a member of the reformed Uzbekistan Ice Hockey League which began play in February 2019.

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