20 Facts About Psychoanalysis


Psychoanalysis was later developed in different directions, mostly by students of Freud, such as Alfred Adler and his collaborator, Carl Gustav Jung, as well as by neo-Freudian thinkers, such as Erich Fromm, Karen Horney, and Harry Stack Sullivan.

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Psychoanalysis is a controversial discipline, and its effectiveness as a treatment has been contested, although it retains influence within psychiatry.

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Psychoanalysis was later developed in different directions, mostly by students of Freud such as Alfred Adler and Carl Gustav Jung, and by neo-Freudians such as Erich Fromm, Karen Horney and Harry Stack Sullivan.

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Psychoanalysis widened the formulation that psychological symptoms were caused by and relieved conflict simultaneously.

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Psychoanalysis suggested that distorted and biased beliefs were a causal factor of depression, publishing an influential paper in 1967 after a decade of research using the construct of schemas to explain the depression.

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Psychoanalysis became training secretary for the council, later becoming deputy president to Donald Winnicott in 1956.

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Psychoanalysis believed that neurotic people often had unconscious conflicts that involved incestuous fantasies deriving from different stages of development.

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Psychoanalysis found the stage from about three to six years of age to be filled with fantasies of having romantic relationships with both parents.

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Psychoanalysis can be adapted to different cultures, as long as the therapist or counselor understands the client's culture.

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Psychoanalysis applies because Freud used techniques that allowed him to get the subjective perceptions of his patients.

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Psychoanalysis takes an objective approach by not facing his clients during his talk therapy sessions.

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Psychoanalysis met with his patients wherever they were, such as when he used free association—where clients would say whatever came to mind without self-censorship.

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Psychoanalysis's treatments had little to no structure for most cultures, especially Asian cultures.

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Psychoanalysis continues to be practiced by psychiatrists, social workers, and other mental health professionals; however, its practice has declined.

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The Division of Psychoanalysis has approximately 4,000 members and approximately 30 local chapters in the United States.

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The Division of Psychoanalysis holds two annual meetings or conferences and offers continuing education in theory, research and clinical technique, as do their affiliated local chapters.

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The Institute of Psychoanalysis publishes The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, maintains a library, furthers research, and holds public lectures.

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Institute of Psychoanalysis is the foremost publisher of psychoanalytic literature.

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Psychoanalysis concluded that there is little evidence to support the existence of the Oedipus complex.

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Psychoanalysis's critics are equally behind the times, attacking Freudian views of the 1920s as if they continue to have some currency in their original form.

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