23 Facts About Qom


Qom is the seventh largest metropolis and the seventh largest city in Iran.

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Qom is considered holy in Shi'a Islam, as it is the site of the shrine of Fatimah bint Musa, sister of Imam Ali ibn Musa Rida .

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Qom has developed into a lively industrial center owing in part to its proximity to Tehran.

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Qom gained additional prosperity when oil was discovered at Sarajeh near the city in 1956 and a large refinery was built between Qom and Tehran.

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The number of seminary schools in Qom is over fifty, and the number of research institutes and libraries somewhere near two hundred and fifty.

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The surrounding area to the east of Qom is populated by Tafresh, Saveh, and Ashtian and Jafarieh.

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Qom has a hot desert climate bordering a cold desert climate with low annual rainfall due to remoteness from the sea and being situated in the vicinity of the subtropical anticyclone aloft.

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The wider surroundings of Qom contain numerous traces from palaces, religious, military and administrative buildings.

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Altogether one can assume that Qom functioned as a small administrative unit throughout the whole Sasanian era.

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Decisive step for the later urban development of Qom occurred when a group of Ashaari Arabs came to the area.

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Qom destroyed parts of Qom and handed over a wanted rebel to caliphal authorities under Al-Mo?tasem.

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Mofleh became governor of Qom and lasted in that position for at least five years.

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Qom was then in a difficult economical and social position.

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Altogether the state of cultivation in Qom seems to have resembled that of the other regions of Persia, although the thirty different crops and plants are only indirectly mentioned in connection with the tax assessments.

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In taxation Qom always followed the solar calendar with its own local variation, starting from the death of the Sasanian Yazdegerd III.

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The most stable period seem to have been the 14 years when Qom lay in Sanjar's sphere of power and witnessed the construction of a second Friday mosque.

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Surprisingly, Qom enjoyed relative prosperity in its economy in the Seljuk period.

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Qom must have expanded during this period, but precise reasons for its prosperity are not known.

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Qom gained special attention and gradually developed due to its religious shrine during the Saffavid dynasty.

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Qom further sustained damage during the reign of Nader Shah and the conflicts between the two households of Zandieh and Qajariyeh in order to gain power over Iran.

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Finally in 1793 Qom came under the control of Agha Muhammad Khan Qajar.

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Qom is well known for its many religious seminaries and institutes that offer advanced religious studies, which made this city the largest center for Shia scholarship in the world.

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The modern Qom hawza was revitalized by Abdul Karim Haeri Yazdi and Grand Ayatollah Borujerdi and is barely a century old.

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