23 Facts About Scots language


Broad Scots language is at one end of a bipolar linguistic continuum, with Scottish Standard English at the other.

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The term, a variant of the Modern Scots language word, is used, though this is more often taken to mean the Lallans literary form.

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Later influences on the development of Scots came from the Romance languages via ecclesiastical and legal Latin, Norman French, and later Parisian French, due to the Auld Alliance.

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Scots language includes loan words in the legal and administrative fields resulting from contact with Middle Irish, and reflected in early medieval legal documents.

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From 1610 to the 1690s during the Plantation of Ulster, some 200, 000 Scots language-speaking Lowlanders settled as colonists in Ulster in Ireland.

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Scots language was studied alongside English and Scots language Gaelic in the Linguistic Survey of Scotland at the University of Edinburgh, which began in 1949 and began to publish results in the 1970s.

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Also beginning in the 1970s, the Atlas Linguarum Europae studied the Scots language used at 15 sites in Scotland, each with its own dialect.

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Nevertheless, Scots language was still spoken across a wide range of domains until the end of the eighteenth century.

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Scots language scorned modern literature, spoke broad Scots from the bench, and even in writing took no pains to avoid the Scotticisms which most of his colleagues were coming to regard as vulgar.

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Scots language remained the vernacular of many rural communities and the growing number of urban working-class Scots language.

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Scots language terms were included in the English Dialect Dictionary, edited by Joseph Wright.

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Wright himself rejected the argument that Scots was a separate language, saying that this was a "quite modern mistake".

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Where on this continuum English-influenced Scots language becomes Scots language-influenced English is difficult to determine.

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Status of the language was raised in Scottish schools, with Scots being included in the new national school curriculum.

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Much of the material used was often Standard English disguised as Scots language, which caused upset among proponents of Standard English and proponents of Scots language alike.

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The 2010s saw an increasing number of English books translated in Scots language and becoming widely available, particularly those in popular children's fiction series such as The Gruffalo, Harry Potter and several by Roald Dahl and David Walliams.

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In Scotland, Scots language is spoken in the Scottish Lowlands, the Northern Isles, Caithness, Arran and Campbeltown.

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Campaigners for Scots language pressed for this question to be included in the 2001 UK National Census.

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Alexander Gray's translations into Scots language constitute the greater part of his work, and are the main basis for his reputation.

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Scots language is sometimes used in contemporary fiction, such as the Edinburgh dialect of Scots language in Trainspotting by Irvine Welsh.

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Orthography of Early Scots language had become more or less standardised by the middle to late sixteenth century.

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The eighteenth-century Scots revival saw the introduction of a new literary language descended from the old court Scots, but with an orthography that had abandoned some of the more distinctive old Scots spellings and adopted many standard English spellings.

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Consequently, this written Scots language looked very similar to contemporary Standard English, suggesting a somewhat modified version of that, rather than a distinct speech form with a phonological system which had been developing independently for many centuries.

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