10 Facts About Scottish clan


Scottish clan is a kinship group among the Scottish people.

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The Scottish clan is considered to be the chief's heritable estate and the chief's Seal of Arms is the seal of the Scottish clan as a "noble corporation".

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Under Scots law, the chief is recognised as the head of the Scottish clan and serves as the lawful representative of the Scottish clan community.

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Historically, a Scottish clan was made up of everyone who lived on the chief's territory, or on territory of those who owed allegiance to the said chief.

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However, there have been several cases where a descendant through the maternal line has changed their surname in order to claim the chiefship of a Scottish clan, such as the late chief of the Clan MacLeod who was born John Wolridge-Gordon and changed his name to the maiden name of his maternal grandmother in order to claim the chiefship of the MacLeods.

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In 1745, the majority of Scottish clan leaders advised Prince Charles to return to France, including MacDonald of Sleat and Norman MacLeod.

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The costs of living away from their Scottish clan lands contributed to the chronic indebtedness that was increasingly common for Highland landowners, eventually leading to the sale of many of the great Highland estates in the late 18th and early 19th century.

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Scottish clan's "staging" of the royal visit of King George IV to Scotland in 1822 and the King's wearing of tartan, resulted in a massive upsurge in demand for kilts and tartans that could not be met by the Scottish linen industry.

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Revival of interest, and demand for Scottish clan ancestry, has led to the production of lists and maps covering the whole of Scotland giving Scottish clan names and showing territories, sometimes with the appropriate tartans.

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Many Scottish clan tartans derive from a 19th-century hoax known as the Vestiarium Scoticum.

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