18 Facts About Selim I


Selim I, known as Selim the Grim or Selim the Resolute, was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520.

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Selim I's mother was Gulbahar Hatun, a Turkish princess from the Dulkadir State centered around Elbistan in Maras; her father was Alauddevle Bozkurt Bey, the eleventh ruler of the Dulkadirs.

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Some academics state that Selim I's mother was a lady named Gulbahar, while chronological analysis suggests that his biological mother's name could have been Ayse Hatun.

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Selim I ordered the exile of Bayezid to a distant "sanjak", Dimetoka .

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Selim I put his brothers and nephews to death upon his accession.

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Selim I was a great threat to his Sunni Muslim neighbors to the west.

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Early in his reign, Selim I created a list of all Shiites ages 7 to 70 in a number of central Anatolian cities including Tokat, Sivas and Amasya.

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In 1514 Selim I attacked Ismail's kingdom to stop the spread of Shiism into Ottoman dominions.

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Selim I defeated Isma'il at the Battle of Chaldiran in 1514.

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Selim I then conquered the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt, defeating the Mamluk Egyptians first at the Battle of Marj Dabiq, and then at the Battle of Ridanieh .

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Selim I did not make any claim to exercise the sacred authority of the office of caliph, and the notion of an official transfer was a later invention.

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Selim I died and was brought to Istanbul, so he could be buried in Yavuz Selim I Mosque which Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent commissioned in loving memory of his father.

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Selim I was one of the Empire's most successful and respected rulers, being energetic and hardworking.

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The Shah's letter insultingly implied that Selim I's prose was the work of an unqualified writer on drugs.

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Selim I was enraged by the Shah's denigration of his literary talent and ordered the Persian envoy to be torn to pieces.

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Selim I wanted to use the Ottoman Empire's central location to completely cut the ties between Shah Ismail's Safavid Empire and the rest of the world.

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Babur's early relations with the Ottomans were poor because Selim I provided Babur's rival Ubaydullah Khan with powerful matchlocks and cannons.

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In 1513, Selim I reconciled with Babur, dispatched Ustad Ali Quli and Mustafa Rumi, and many other Ottoman Turks, in order to assist Babur in his conquests; this particular assistance proved to be the basis of future Mughal-Ottoman relations.

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