11 Facts About Siena


Siena is home to the oldest bank in the world, the Monte dei Paschi bank, which has been operating continuously since 1472.

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University of Siena, originally called Studium Senese, was founded in 1240, making it one of the oldest universities in continuous operation in the world.

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Siena was one of the most important cities in medieval Europe, and its historic centre is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Siena is famous for its cuisine, art, museums, medieval cityscape and the Palio, a horse race held twice a year in Piazza del Campo.

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Siena prospered as a trading post, and the constant streams of pilgrims passing to and from Rome provided a valuable source of income in the centuries to come.

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Siena is located in the central part of Tuscany, in the middle of a vast hilly landscape between the Arbia river valley, the Merse valley, the Elsa valley, the Chianti hills, the Montagnola Senese and the Crete Senesi .

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In 2015, the research plant in Siena became part of Glaxo Smith Kline, as part of a deal between Novartis and this firm.

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Siena Cathedral, begun in the 12th century, is a masterpiece of Italian Romanesque–Gothic architecture.

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Siena Cathedral Pulpit is an octagonal 13th-century masterpiece sculpted by Nicola Pisano with lion pedestals and biblical bas-relief panels.

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Siena Mobilita was a consortium established in 2005, formed by Tiemme Toscana Mobilita, Busitalia Sita Nord e ByBus, to manage the local public transport in Siena, in its province and regional service to Florence and Arezzo.

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From 1 January 2018 Siena Mobilita operated by virtue of the bridge contract between the Regione Toscana and the company ONE Scarl.

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