18 Facts About Sobekneferu


Sobekneferu or Neferusobek was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt and the last ruler of the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom.

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Sobekneferu ascended to the throne following the death of Amenemhat IV, possibly her brother or husband, though their relationship is unproven.

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Sobekneferu's reign lasted 3 years, 10 months, and 24 days, according to the Turin King List.

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Sobekneferu adopted the full royal titulary, distinguishing herself from prior female rulers.

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Sobekneferu was the first ruler to have a name associated with the crocodile god Sobek.

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Sobekneferu was the daughter of Pharaoh Amenemhat III, but her mother's identity is unknown.

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Sobekneferu had at least one other daughter, Neferuptah, who had a burial at his second pyramid at Hawara that was eventually moved to her own pyramid.

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Sobekneferu was one of the few women that ruled in Egypt, and the first to adopt the full royal titulary, distinguishing herself from any prior female rulers.

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Sobekneferu was the first ruler associated with the crocodile god Sobek by name, whose identity appears in both her birth and throne names.

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Sobekneferu posits that women were elevated to the throne during crises to guide the civilization and maintain social order.

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Sobekneferu reigned for 39 years, as evidenced by an inscription in Abydos, where he was buried.

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Sobekneferu reigned for around 4 years, but as with her predecessor, there are few surviving records.

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Sobekneferu's death brought a close to the Twelfth Dynasty and began the Second Intermediate Period spanning the following two centuries.

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Sobekneferu was succeeded by either Sobekhotep I or Wegaf, who inaugurated the Thirteenth Dynasty.

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Contemporary sources from her reign show that Sobekneferu adopted only the 'King's Daughter' title, which further supports this hypothesis.

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Sobekneferu is mentioned on the Karnak list of early Egyptian kings, the Saqqara Tablet, and Turin King List, but is conspicuously excluded from the Abydos king list.

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Sobekneferu's exclusion, along with all other female kings, pharaohs of the First and Second Intermediate Periods, and of the Amarna Period, is an indicator of whom Ramesses II and Seti I viewed as the legitimate rulers of Egypt.

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Sobekneferu is credited in the Turin Canon with a reign of 3 years, 10 months, and 24 days.

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