13 Facts About Sulaymaniyah


Sulaymaniyah, spelled as Slemani, is a city in the east of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, not far from the Iran–Iraq border.

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From its foundation Sulaymaniyah was always a center of great poets, writers, historians, politicians, scholars and singers, such as Nali, Mahwi, and Piramerd.

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The modern city of Sulaymaniyah was founded in 1784 by the Ottoman-Kurdish prince Ibrahim Pasha Baban, who named it after his father Sulaiman Pasha.

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Sulaymaniyah was the capital of the historic principality of Baban from 1784 to 1850.

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Region of Sulaymaniyah was known as Zamwa prior to the foundation of the modern city in 1784.

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The capital of the Kurdish Baban principality, before Sulaymaniyah, was a territory named "Qelaciwalan".

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Sulaymaniyah chose Melkendi, then a village but now a district in central Sulaymaniyah, to construct a number of serahs for his political and armed units.

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The new city of Sulaymaniyah was named after Sulaiman Baba, who was the first Baban prince to gain control of the province of Sarezur.

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From 1922 to 1924, Sulaymaniyah was the capital of the Kingdom of Kurdistan, a short-lived unrecognized state declared by Iraqi Kurds following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.

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University of Sulaymaniyah was opened in 1968 with instruction in Kurdish, Arabic, and English.

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Sulaymaniyah is the only city in South Kurdistan that regularly celebrates World Music Day or Fete de la Musique.

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Sulaymaniyah attracted more than 15,000 Iranian tourists in the first quarter of 2010, many drawn by the fact it is not subject to strict laws faced at home.

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In recent years, many people in Sulaymaniyah have distanced themselves from Kurdish nationalism as the Kurdistan Workers Party is experiencing a surge.

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