11 Facts About Syriac language


Syriac language, known as Syriac Aramaic and Classical Syriac ???? ?????, is an Aramaic dialect that emerged during the first century AD from a local Aramaic dialect that was spoken by Arameans in the ancient Aramean kingdom of Osroene, centered in the city of Edessa.

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Classical Syriac language is written in the Syriac language alphabet, a derivation of the Aramaic alphabet.

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Primarily a Christian medium of expression, Syriac language had a fundamental cultural and literary influence on the development of Arabic, which largely replaced it during the later medieval period.

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In English scholarly literature, the term "Syriac language" is preferred over the alternative form "Syrian" since the latter is much more polysemic and commonly relates to Syria in general.

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Legal and other practical aspects of the linguistic self-identification arose throughout Syriac language-speaking diaspora, particularly in European countries.

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Syriac language was the local dialect of Aramaic in Edessa, and evolved under the influence of the Church of the East and the Syriac language Orthodox Church into its current form.

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In 489, many Syriac language-speaking Christians living in the eastern reaches of the Roman Empire fled to the Sasanian Empire to escape persecution and growing animosity with Greek-speaking Christians.

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Syriac language-influenced Arabic dialects developed among Iraqi Muslims, as well as Iraqi Christians, most of whom descend from native Syriac language speakers.

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Eastern Syriac is the liturgical language of the East Syriac Rite, practised in modern times by the ethnic Assyrian followers of the Assyrian Church of the East, the Assyrian Pentecostal Church, the Ancient Church of the East, the Chaldean Catholic Church, as well as the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church in India.

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Syriac language has only two true morphological tenses: perfect and imperfect.

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Classical Syriac language has two major streams of pronunciation: western and eastern.

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