40 Facts About Tabriz


Tabriz is a major heavy industries hub for automobiles, machine tools, refineries, petrochemicals, textiles and cement production industries.

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Tabriz is an academic hub and a site for some of the most prestigious cultural institutes in Northwest Iran.

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Tabriz contains many historical monuments, representing Iran's architectural transition throughout its deep history.

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Tabriz's argument is not helped by the fact that it depends upon speculations regarding the transmission of place-names for both the various rivers and nearby related areas from antiquity to the present.

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Since the earliest documented history of Tabriz, it has been chosen as the capital for several rulers commencing from Atropates era and his dynasty.

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The earliest elements of the present Tabriz are claimed to be built either at the time of the early Sassanids in the 3rd or 4th century AD, or later in the 7th century.

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The Islamic geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi says that Tabriz was a village before Rawwad from the tribe of Azd arrive at Tabriz.

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From 1375 to 1468, Tabriz was the capital of Qara Qoyunlu state in Azerbaijan, until defeat of Qara Qoyunlu ruler, Jahan Shah by Ag Qoyunlu warriors.

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In 1501, Ismail I entered Tabriz and proclaimed it the capital of his Safavid state.

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Tabriz was occupied and sacked by Ottoman Murad IV in 1635, during the Ottoman–Safavid War, before being returned to Persia in the Treaty of Zohab in 1639.

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In 1780, a major earthquake hit near Tabriz and killed as many as two hundred thousand people, leaving only about thirty thousand survivors.

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Tabriz began a rebuilding campaign and established a modern taxation system.

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Thanks to the geographical closeness to the West and to communications with nearby countries' enlightenment movements, Tabriz became the centre of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution movements between 1905 and 1911, which led to the establishment of a parliament in Iran and the formation of a constitution.

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Tabriz started with promises of modernization programs in Iran which was concentrated on the unification of the country, under the idea of one country, one nation.

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One of the major establishments in the period of Pishevari's government was opening of the University of Tabriz which played a major role in the later political movements and protests in the region.

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In recent years, Tabriz is much more stable and the new developments in the city are rapidly changing the face of the city.

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Tabriz was chosen as the capital by several rulers commencing from the time of Atropates.

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Tabriz has a Mediterranean-influenced humid continental climate with regular seasons, bordering on a cold semi-arid climate .

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Predominant language spoken in Tabriz is Azerbaijani language, which is a Turkic language mutually intelligible with modern Turkish dialects.

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Tabriz was a house for numerous Iranian writers, poets, and illumination movements.

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Tabriz has a special place in Persian literature, as the following sample of verses from some of Iran's best poets and authors illustrates:.

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Tabriz meatballs are large meatballs composed of ground meat, rice, and leeks, alongside various other ingredients.

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Tabriz has 132 parks, including 97 small parks, 31 regional and 4 city parks.

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The economy of Tabriz is based on commerce, services, health care and pharmaceutical, small and heavy industries, and handcrafts.

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Tabriz is the main site for four of Iran's Fortune 100 companies including: ITMCO, Palaz Moket, Kashi Tabriz, Shirin Asal, Aydin.

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Tabriz is a site for abundant food and some of the most famous chocolate factories in Iran which honoured the city as the Chocolate City of Iran.

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Tabriz is the main centre for the production of the famous Iranian Rugs.

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One of the main quality characteristics of Tabriz rugs is the weaving style, using specialities that guarantee the durability of the rug in comparison for example with Kashan rugs.

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Tabriz is the site for 14 of Iran's most prominent universities and higher education institutes.

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University of Tabriz is considered one of five mother universities in the country which works as the regional hub of science for the region.

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Besides University of Tabriz, there are several other public universities, operating in the city and its suburbs.

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Furthermore, a couple of Iranian universities have branches in Tabriz, including: Imam Hossein University, Shahid Beheshti Training Teacher Center of Tabriz.

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Tabriz has a public shuttle taxi service which connects city centres to major districts of the city.

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Tabriz is linked to Europe through Turkey's roads and Bazargan border.

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Tabriz is a hub for the major sports events in the region.

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In June 1976 Bagh Shomal Stadium of Tabriz hosted part of the final tournament of the AFC Asian Cup games.

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City's main futsal club is Dabiri Tabriz which was founded in 1998 and plays at the Oloum Pezeshki Arena in the city.

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Tabriz is home for Azerbaijan Cycling Tour which is held on a yearly based calendar since 1986.

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Tabriz is home for Tabriz Petrochemical Cycling Team, a cycling team which is competing in UCI-sanctioned competitions through Asian continents.

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Tabriz has one state television channel called Sahand TV that broadcasts in both Persian and Azerbaijani languages.

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