10 Facts About Azerbaijani language


The standardized form of North Azerbaijani language is based on the Shirvani dialect, while South Azerbaijani language uses the Tabrizi dialect as its prestige variety.

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Azerbaijani language is closely related to Gagauz, Qashqai, Crimean Tatar, Turkish, and Turkmen, sharing varying degrees of mutual intelligibility with each of those languages.

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Azerbaijani language evolved from the Eastern branch of Oghuz Turkic which spread to the Caucasus, in Eastern Europe, and northern Iran, in Western Asia, during the medieval Turkic migrations.

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Development of Azerbaijani language literature is closely associated with Anatolian Turkish, written in Perso-Arabic script.

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The vast majority, if not all Azerbaijani language courses teach North Azerbaijani written in the Latin script and not South Azerbaijani written in the Perso-Arabic script.

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Per the 1829 Caucasus School Statute, Azerbaijani language was to be taught in all district schools of Ganja, Shusha, Nukha, Shamakhi, Quba, Baku, Derbent, Yerevan, Nakhchivan, Akhaltsikhe, and Lankaran.

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In 1853, Azerbaijani became a compulsory language for students of all backgrounds in all of Transcaucasia with the exception of the Tiflis Governorate.

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Dialects of South Azerbaijani language include: Aynallu, Qarapapaq, Tabrizi, Qashqai, Afshari (Afsar, Afshar), Shahsavani (Shahseven), Muqaddam, Baharlu (Kamesh), Nafar, Qaragozlu, Pishaqchi (Bicaqci), Bayatlu, Qajar, Marandli.

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In Iran, Azerbaijani language is still written in a modified form of the Persian alphabet that the newspaper set the standard for.

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Since 1992 North Azerbaijani language has used a phonetic writing system, so pronunciation is easy: most words are pronounced exactly as they are spelled.

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