20 Facts About Thai language


Thai language has a complex orthography and system of relational markers.

FactSnippet No. 794,193

Standard Thai is classified as one of the Chiang Saen languages—others being Tai Lanna, Southern Thai and numerous smaller languages, which together with the Northwestern Tai and Lao-Phutai languages, form the Southwestern branch of Tai languages.

FactSnippet No. 794,194

Standard Thai is the principal language of education and government and spoken throughout Thailand.

FactSnippet No. 794,195

The Thai language writing system has an eight-century history and many of these changes, especially in consonants and tones, are evidenced in the modern orthography.

FactSnippet No. 794,196

Old Thai had a three-way tone distinction on "live syllables", with no possible distinction on "dead syllables" .

FactSnippet No. 794,197

Major change between old and modern Thai language was due to voicing distinction losses and the concomitant tone split.

FactSnippet No. 794,198

Furthermore, the six tones that resulted after the three tones of Old Thai language were split have since merged into five in standard Thai language, with the lower variant of former tone 2 merging with the higher variant of former tone 3, becoming the modern "falling" tone.

FactSnippet No. 794,199

Vowel system of modern Thai language contains nine pure vowels and three centering diphthongs, each of which can occur short or long.

FactSnippet No. 794,200

Thai language seems to believe that the Proto-Southwestern-Tai vowel length distinctions can be reconstructed back to similar distinctions in Proto-Tai.

FactSnippet No. 794,201

Standard Thai language is based on the register of the educated classes in Bangkok.

FactSnippet No. 794,202

Thai language has specific phonotactical patterns that describe its syllable structure, including tautosyllabic consonant clusters, and vowel sequences.

FactSnippet No. 794,203

Additionally, Thai is an isolating language lacking any form of inflectional morphology whatsoever.

FactSnippet No. 794,204

Thai language pronouns are selected according to the gender and relative status of speaker and audience.

FactSnippet No. 794,205

The Thai language being analytic and case-less, the relationship between subject, direct and indirect object is conveyed through word order and auxiliary verbs.

FactSnippet No. 794,206

Thai language nouns are bare nouns and can be interpreted as singular, plural, definite or indefinite.

FactSnippet No. 794,207

Central Thai language is composed of several distinct registers, forms for different social contexts:.

FactSnippet No. 794,208

Rhetorical, religious, and royal Thai language are taught in schools as part of the national curriculum.

FactSnippet No. 794,209

Chinese-Thai language influence was strong until the 13th century when the use of Chinese characters was abandoned, and replaced by Sanskrit and Pali scripts.

FactSnippet No. 794,210

Since the beginning of the 20th century the English Thai language has had the greatest influence, especially for scientific, technical, international, and other modern terms.

FactSnippet No. 794,211

Thai language is written in the Thai language script, an abugida written from left to right.

FactSnippet No. 794,212