31 Facts About Titanium


Titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22.

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Titanium was discovered in Cornwall, Great Britain, by William Gregor in 1791 and was named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth after the Titans of Greek mythology.

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Titanium can be alloyed with iron, aluminium, vanadium, and molybdenum, among other elements, to produce strong, lightweight alloys for aerospace, military, industrial processes, automotive, agriculture, medical prostheses, orthopedic implants, dental and endodontic instruments and files, dental implants, sporting goods, jewelry, mobile phones, and other applications.

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Titanium is superconducting when cooled below its critical temperature of 0.

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Titanium is not as hard as some grades of heat-treated steel; it is non-magnetic and a poor conductor of heat and electricity.

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Titanium is capable of withstanding attack by dilute sulfuric and hydrochloric acids, chloride solutions, and most organic acids.

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Titanium becomes radioactive upon bombardment with deuterons, emitting mainly positrons and hard gamma rays.

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Titanium isopropoxide is used in the synthesis of chiral organic compounds via the Sharpless epoxidation.

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Titanium tetrachloride is a colorless volatile liquid that, in air, hydrolyzes with spectacular emission of white clouds.

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Titanium was discovered in 1791 by the clergyman and geologist William Gregor as an inclusion of a mineral in Cornwall, Great Britain.

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Titanium metal was not used outside the laboratory until 1932 when William Justin Kroll produced it by reducing titanium tetrachloride with calcium.

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Titanium powder is manufactured using a flow production process known as the Armstrong process that is similar to the batch production Hunter process.

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Titanium is very difficult to solder directly, and hence a solderable metal or alloy such as steel is coated on titanium prior to soldering.

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Titanium is used in steel as an alloying element to reduce grain size and as a deoxidizer, and in stainless steel to reduce carbon content.

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Titanium is often alloyed with aluminium, vanadium, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, and other metals.

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Titanium alloys have high tensile strength to density ratio, high corrosion resistance, fatigue resistance, high crack resistance, and ability to withstand moderately high temperatures without creeping, they are used in aircraft, armor plating, naval ships, spacecraft, and missiles.

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Titanium is resistant to corrosion by sea water, it is used to make propeller shafts, rigging, and heat exchangers in desalination plants; heater-chillers for salt water aquariums, fishing line and leader, and divers' knives.

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Titanium is used in the housings and components of ocean-deployed surveillance and monitoring devices for science and the military.

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Titanium is used in the walls of the Juno spacecraft's vault to shield on-board electronics.

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Titanium tetrachloride is used to iridize glass and, because it fumes strongly in moist air, it is used to make smoke screens.

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Titanium metal is used in automotive applications, particularly in automobile and motorcycle racing where low weight and high strength and rigidity are critical.

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Titanium is used in many sporting goods: tennis rackets, golf clubs, lacrosse stick shafts; cricket, hockey, lacrosse, and football helmet grills, and bicycle frames and components.

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Titanium alloys are used in spectacle frames that are rather expensive but highly durable, long lasting, light weight, and cause no skin allergies.

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Titanium horseshoes are preferred to steel by farriers because they are lighter and more durable.

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Titanium sheathing was used in the Frederic C Hamilton Building in Denver, Colorado.

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Titanium has a minor use in dedicated non-circulating coins and medals.

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Titanium is biocompatible, it has many medical uses, including surgical implements and implants, such as hip balls and sockets and dental implants that can stay in place for up to 20 years.

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Titanium has the inherent ability to osseointegrate, enabling use in dental implants that can last for over 30 years.

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Titanium is non-ferromagnetic, patients with titanium implants can be safely examined with magnetic resonance imaging .

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Titanium is used for the surgical instruments used in image-guided surgery, as well as wheelchairs, crutches, and any other products where high strength and low weight are desirable.

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Titanium is non-toxic even in large doses and does not play any natural role inside the human body.

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