12 Facts About Turoyo language


Turoyo, referred to as modern Surayt, or modern Suryoyo, is a Central Neo-Aramaic language traditionally spoken in the Tur Abdin region in southeastern Turkey and in northern Syria.

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Turoyo language is not mutually intelligible with Western Neo-Aramaic, having been separated for over a thousand years; its closest relatives are Mlahso and western varieties of Northeastern Neo-Aramaic like Suret.

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However, especially in the diaspora, the Turoyo language is frequently called Surayt, Suryoyo, meaning "Syriac" in general.

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Turoyo language has evolved from the Eastern Aramaic colloquial varieties that have been spoken in Tur Abdin and the surrounding plain for more than a thousand years since the initial introduction of Aramaic to the region.

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The Turoyo language-speaking population prior to the Syriac genocide largely adhered to the Syriac Orthodox Church.

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Until recently, Turoyo was a spoken vernacular and was never written down: Kthobonoyo was the written language.

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One of the first comprehensive studies of the Turoyo language was published in 1881, by orientalists Eugen Prym and Albert Socin, who classified it as a Neo-Aramaic dialect.

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Turoyo language has borrowed some words from Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, and Turkish.

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The main dialect of Turoyo language is that of Midyat, in the east of Turkey's Mardin Province.

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Attempts to write down Turoyo language have begun since the 16th century, with Jewish Neo-Aramaic adaptions and translations of Biblical texts, commentaries, as well as hagiographic stories, books, and folktales in Christian dialects.

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Verbal system of Turoyo is similar to that used in other Neo-Aramaic languages.

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Turoyo language has three sets of particles that take the place of the copula in nominal clauses: enclitic copula, independent copula, and emphatic independent copula.

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