28 Facts About Twelver Shia


Twelver Shia Shi?ism, known as Imamiyyah, is the largest branch of Shi?a Islam, comprising about 85 percent of all Shi?a Muslims.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,224

The term Twelver Shia refers to its adherents' belief in twelve divinely ordained leaders, known as the Twelve Imams, and their belief that the last Imam, Imam al-Mahdi, lives in Occultation and will reappear as The promised Mahdi .

FactSnippet No. 1,387,225

Term Twelver Shia is based on the belief that twelve male descendants from the family of Muhammad, starting with ?Ali ibn Abi Talib and ending with Muhammad al-Mahdi, are Imams who have religious and political authority.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,226

Under the rule of al-Ma'mun, Twelver Shia was free from the political pressures and was somehow at liberty.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,227

Twelver Shia tried to defend Imami ideas against Mu'tazili criticism regarding Anthropomorphism.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,228

Shaykh Tusi, founder of Twelver Shia Ijtihad, was the first to establish the bases of reasoning in Twelver Shia Jurisprudence.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,229

Many Twelver Shia scholars were brought to set up the Twelver Shia seminaries in Iran.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,230

Twelver Shia recognized the hadith as the only source for the Islamic law and the understanding of the Quran.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,231

Twelver Shia attacked the Ikhbaries and their method was abandoned by Shia.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,232

Twelver Shia was sent into exile in Iraq, where he continued his opposition to the Iranian regime.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,233

Twelver Shia further ordered the opposition to the Shah and led the 1979 revolution.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,234

Twelver Shia neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,235

Twelver Shia sent among them prophets bearing good tidings and warning.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,236

Twelver Shia adds there must be people who apprehend the real duties of life and bring them within the reach of human being.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,237

Twelver Shia further adds that with passing of the time and gradual development of the society, the gradual development in the revealed law is apparent.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,238

Twelver Shia adds that miracle has an inseparable connection with the claim of the prophethood and it is beyond the intellect and thinking.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,239

Twelver Shia believe in the trilateral structure of authority; authority of God which is absolute and universal as the verse 3: 26 implies, authority of Muhammad which is legitimized by the grace of God as the verse 7: 158 points to it and the authority of the Imams who are blessed for the leadership of the community through Muhammad as the verses 5: 67 and 5: 3 verifies according to Twelver Shia fundamental belief.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,240

Twelver Shia believe in the Twelve Imams who are divinely inspired descendants of Muhammad.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,241

Twelver Shia believe that with the death of Muhammad, his religious and political authority were inherited to the Imams.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,242

Twelver Shia consider the Successor as the esoteric interpreter of the revelation and the Divine Law.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,243

Twelver Shia Muslims believe that with the exception of Ali and Hasan, all the caliphs following Muhammad's death were illegitimate and that Muslims had no obligation to follow them.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,244

Twelver Shia adds the verse 36: 79 implies that the person who is raised up at the Resurrection is the one who was alive on the earth.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,245

Twelver Shia adds to get into Haqiqah, a Muslim should follow the Shari'ah which resides within the formal law.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,246

Twelver Shia perform prayers on especial occasions like fear, joy, thanksgiving and at the pilgrimages and at the end of Ramadan.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,247

Twelver Shia adds, one should care about matters which take him away from his Lord: this is called piety.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,248

Twelver Shia believe that Jihad as defense is legitimate not as aggression.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,249

Nikah al-Mut'ah, Nikah el Mut'a, or sighah, is a fixed-time marriage which, according to the Usuli Twelver Shia schools of Shari'a, is a marriage with a preset duration, after which the marriage is automatically dissolved.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,250

Aql, in Twelver Shia Jurisprudence, is applied to four practical principles namely bara'at, ihtiyat, takhyir, and istishab which are applied when other religious proofs are not applicable.

FactSnippet No. 1,387,251