13 Facts About Uruk


Uruk played a leading role in the early urbanization of Sumer in the mid-4th millennium BC.

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Uruk has several spellings in cuneiform; in Sumerian it is unug; in Akkadian, Uruk .

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In myth and literature, Uruk was famous as the capital city of Gilgamesh, hero of the Epic of Gilgamesh.

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Excavation of Uruk is highly complex because older buildings were recycled into newer ones, thus blurring the layers of different historic periods.

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Original city of Uruk was situated southwest of the ancient Euphrates River, now dry.

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Later, in the Neo-Sumerian period, Uruk enjoyed revival as a major economic and cultural center under the sovereignty of Ur.

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Uruk, known as Orcha to the Greeks, continued to thrive under the Seleucid Empire.

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Uruk played a very important part in the political history of Sumer.

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Uruk continued as principality of Ur, Babylon, and later Achaemenid, Seleucid, and Parthian Empires.

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Uruk has some of the first monumental constructions in architectural history, and certainly the largest of its era.

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The structures of Uruk are cited by two different naming conventions, one in German from the initial expedition, and the English translation of the same.

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The temples at Uruk were quite remarkable as they were constructed with brick and adorned with colorful mosaics.

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Uruk was followed in 1968 by J Schmidt, and in 1978 by R M Boehmer.

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