28 Facts About Vikramaditya


Vikramaditya was a legendary king who has been featured in hundreds of traditional stories including those in Baital Pachisi and Singhasan Battisi.

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Rajbali Pandey, Kailash Chand Jain and others believe that Vikramaditya was an Ujjain based Malava king.

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Proponents of this theory say that Vikramaditya is mentioned in works dating to before the Gupta era, including Brihathkatha and Gatha Saptashati.

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Vikramaditya cannot be based on Chandragupta II, since the Gupta capital was at Pataliputra.

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Legends surrounding Vikramaditya are contradictory, border on the fantastic and are inconsistent with historical facts; no epigraphic, numismatic or literary evidence suggests the existence of a king with the name of Vikramaditya around the first century BCE.

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Mirashi and DC Sircar, believe that Vikramaditya is probably based on the Gupta king Chandragupta II.

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In most of the legends Vikramaditya had his capital at Ujjain, although some mention him as king of Pataliputra.

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Vikramaditya was described as an adversary of the Pratishthana-based king Satavahana in a number of legends.

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Max Muller believed that the Vikramaditya legends were based on the sixth-century Aulikara king Yashodharman.

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The earliest work to mention Vikramaditya was probably Brihatkatha, an Indian epic written between the first century BCE and the third century CE in the unattested Paisaci language.

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Vikramaditya, who prided himself on his generosity, was embarrassed and arranged a debate between Manoratha and 100 non-Buddhist scholars.

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Vikramaditya then entered Pratishthana in disguise and won over a courtesan.

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Vikramaditya was her lover for some time before secretly returning to Pataliputra.

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Vikramaditya later returned to the courtesan's house, where Narasimha met and befriended him.

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Vikramaditya asked the king to name the child Vikramaditya, and told him that the prince would be known as "Vishamashila" because of his hostility to enemies.

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Vikramaditya began a campaign to conquer a number of kingdoms and subdued vetalas, rakshasas and other demons.

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At the beginning of the Kali Yuga, Vikramaditya came from Kailasa and convened an assembly of sages from the Naimisha Forest.

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Vikramaditya is said to have told Vikramaditya that 1,199 years after him, there would be another great king like him.

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Political rivalry between the kings is sometimes extended to language, with Vikramaditya supporting Sanskrit and Shalivahana supporting Prakrit.

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Vikramaditya later arrived from Pratishthana, defeated the Shakas, and began the Vikrama Samvat era to commemorate his victory.

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Vikramaditya sent his vetala to find the child; the vetala traced Satavahana in Pratishthana, and Vikramaditya led an army there.

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Vikramaditya offers to cut his body in eight places, and offers his head to the goddess.

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Vikramaditya began searching for Ayodhya and met Prayaga, the king of tirthas.

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The Vikramaditya mentioned in Paramartha's fourth–fifth century CE biography of Vasubandhu is generally identified with a Gupta king, such as Skandagupta or Purugupta.

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Kalidasa is the only figure whose association with Vikramaditya is mentioned in works earlier than Jyotirvidabharana.

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In 78 CE, the Hindu king Vikramaditya defeated him and killed him in the Karur region, located between Multan and the castle of Loni.

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The Vikramaditya era named after the first, and the Shaka era was associated with the defeat of the Shaka ruler by the second Vikramaditya.

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The association of the era beginning in 57 BCE with Vikramaditya is not found in any source before the ninth century.

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