61 Facts About Yitzhak Rabin


Yitzhak Rabin was an Israeli politician, statesman and general.


Yitzhak Rabin learned agriculture in school and excelled as a student.


Yitzhak Rabin led a 27-year career as a soldier and ultimately attained the rank of Rav Aluf.


Yitzhak Rabin joined the newly formed Israel Defense Forces in late 1948 and continued to rise as a promising officer.


Yitzhak Rabin helped shape the training doctrine of the IDF in the early 1950s, and led the IDF's Operations Directorate from 1959 to 1963.


Yitzhak Rabin was appointed Chief of the General Staff in 1964 and oversaw Israel's victory in the 1967 Six-Day War.


Yitzhak Rabin was appointed Prime Minister of Israel in 1974 after the resignation of Golda Meir.

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Yitzhak Rabin resigned in 1977 in the wake of a financial scandal.


Yitzhak Rabin was Israel's minister of defense for much of the 1980s, including during the outbreak of the First Intifada.


Yitzhak Rabin signed several historic agreements with the Palestinian leadership as part of the Oslo Accords.


In 1994, Yitzhak Rabin won the Nobel Peace Prize together with long-time political rival Shimon Peres and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.


Yitzhak Rabin was the first native-born prime minister of Israel and was the only prime minister to be assassinated and the second to die in office after Levi Eshkol.


Yitzhak Rabin was born at Shaare Zedek Medical Center in Jerusalem on 1 March 1922, Mandatory Palestine, to Nehemiah and Rosa Yitzhak Rabin, immigrants of the Third Aliyah, the third wave of Jewish immigration to Palestine from Europe.


Yitzhak Rabin's father Menachem died when he was a boy, and Nehemiah worked to support his family from an early age.


In 1917, Nehemiah Yitzhak Rabin went to Mandatory Palestine with a group of volunteers from the Jewish Legion.


Yitzhak Rabin's mother, Rosa Cohen, was born in 1890 in Mogilev in Belarus.


Yitzhak Rabin's parents met in Jerusalem during the 1920 Nebi Musa riots.


Yitzhak Rabin became a member of the Tel Aviv City Council.


Yitzhak Rabin grew up in Tel Aviv, where the family relocated when he was one year old.


Yitzhak Rabin enrolled in the Tel Aviv Beit Hinuch Leyaldei Ovdim in 1928 and completed his studies there in 1935.


Yitzhak Rabin mostly received good marks in school, but he was so shy that few people knew he was intelligent.


In 1935, Yitzhak Rabin enrolled at an agricultural school on kibbutz Givat Hashlosha that his mother founded.


For part of 1939, the British closed Kadoorie, and Yitzhak Rabin joined Allon as a military policeman at Kibbutz Ginosar until the school re-opened.


When he finished school, Yitzhak Rabin considered studying irrigation engineering on scholarship at the University of California, Berkeley, although he ultimately decided to stay and fight in Palestine.


Leah Yitzhak Rabin was working at the time as a reporter for a Palmach newspaper.

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Similar to the entire Israeli elite of the time, Yitzhak Rabin adhered to a secular-national understanding of Jewish identity, and was non-religious.


In 1941, during his practical training at kibbutz Ramat Yohanan, Yitzhak Rabin joined the newly formed Palmach section of the Haganah, under the influence of Yigal Allon.


In 1943, Yitzhak Rabin took command of a platoon at Kfar Giladi.


Yitzhak Rabin trained his men in modern tactics and how to conduct lightning attacks.


In October 1945 Yitzhak Rabin planned a Palmach raid on the Atlit detainee camp in which 208 Jewish illegal immigrants who had been interned there were freed.


Later, Yitzhak Rabin was chief of operations for the Southern Front and participated in the major battles ending the fighting there, including Operation Yoav and Operation Horev.


Yitzhak Rabin was appointed Israeli Minister of Labour in March 1974 in the short-lived Golda Meir-led 16th government.


Yitzhak Rabin succeeded Golda Meir as Prime Minister of Israel on 3 June 1974.


In foreign policy, the major development at the beginning of Yitzhak Rabin's term was the Sinai Interim Agreement between Israel and Egypt, signed on 1 September 1975.


Yitzhak Rabin dissolved his government and decided on new elections, which were to be held in May 1977.


Yitzhak Rabin was narrowly reelected as party leader over Shimon Peres in February 1977.


Yitzhak Rabin withdrew from the party leadership and candidacy for prime minister.


Yitzhak Rabin unsuccessfully challenged Shimon Peres for Israeli Labor Paty leadership in the 1980 Israeli Labor Party leadership election.


When Yitzhak Rabin came to office, Israeli troops were still deep in Lebanon.


Yitzhak Rabin ordered their withdrawal to a "Security Zone" on the Lebanese side of the border.


On 4 August 1985 Minister of Defence Yitzhak Rabin introduced an Iron Fist policy in the West Bank, reviving the use of British Mandate era legislation to detain people without trial, demolish houses, close newspapers and institutions as well as deporting activists.


The combination of the failure of the "Iron Fist" policy, Israel's deteriorating international image, and Jordan cutting legal and administrative ties to the West Bank with the US's recognition of the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people forced Yitzhak Rabin to seek an end to the violence through negotiation and dialogue with the PLO.


Minister of Defence Yitzhak Rabin planned and executed the 27 July 1989 abduction of the Hizbullah leader Sheikh Abdel Karim Obeid and two of his aides from Jibchit in South Lebanon.


From 1990 to 1992, Yitzhak Rabin again sat on the Knesset's Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee.


Peres was weakened from the backfiring of "the dirty trick", and polling showed Yitzhak Rabin to be the nation's most popular politician.

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The committee's vote to reject Yitzhak Rabin's push for a 1990 leadership contest was regarded as an upset result.


Yitzhak Rabin formed the first Labor-led government in fifteen years, supported by a coalition with Meretz, a left wing party, and Shas, a Mizrahi ultra-orthodox religious party.


On 25 July 1993, after Hezbollah fired rockets into northern Israel, Yitzhak Rabin authorized a week-long military operation in Lebanon.


Yitzhak Rabin played a leading role in the signing of the Oslo Accords, which created the Palestinian National Authority and granted it partial control over parts of the Gaza Strip and West Bank.


Yitzhak Rabin denied the right of American Jews to object to his plan for peace, calling any such dissent "chutzpah".


Yitzhak Rabin significantly reformed Israel's economy, as well as its education and healthcare systems.


Yitzhak Rabin's government launched new public works projects such as the Cross-Israel Highway and an expansion of Ben Gurion Airport.


Yitzhak Rabin had been attending a mass rally at the Kings of Israel Square in Tel Aviv, held in support of the Oslo Accords.


Yitzhak Rabin was taken to the nearby Ichilov Hospital, where he died on the operating table of blood loss and two punctured lungs.


Yitzhak Rabin was later tried, found guilty, and sentenced to life imprisonment.


Yitzhak Rabin's assassination came as a great shock to the Israeli public and much of the rest of the world.


Hundreds of thousands of Israelis thronged the square where Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated to mourn his death.


Yitzhak Rabin's funeral was attended by many world leaders, among them US president Bill Clinton, Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating, Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak and King Hussein of Jordan.


Yitzhak Rabin was a member of the Knesset from 1974 until his assassination.


For several months in 1992, Yitzhak Rabin served as the Knesset's opposition leader, at the time an unofficial and honorary role.


Yitzhak Rabin served as ambassador of Israel to the United States from 1968 until 1973.