28 Facts About Aachen


The Wurm River flows through the city, and together with Monchengladbach, Aachen is the only larger German city in the drainage basin of the Meuse.

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Aachen developed from a Roman settlement and thermae, subsequently becoming the preferred medieval Imperial residence of Emperor Charlemagne of the Frankish Empire, and, from 936 to 1531, the place where 31 Holy Roman Emperors were crowned Kings of the Germans.

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In 2009, Aachen was ranked eighth among cities in Germany for innovation.

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Flint quarries on the Lousberg, Schneeberg, and Konigshugel, first used during Neolithic times, attest to the long occupation of the site of Aachen, as do recent finds under the modern city's Elisengarten pointing to a former settlement from the same period.

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Roman civil administration in Aachen eventually broke down as the baths and other public buildings were destroyed around AD 375 at the start of the migration period.

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Aachen is at the western end of the Benrath line that divides High German to the south from the rest of the West Germanic speech area to the north.

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Aachen became the focus of his court and the political centre of his empire.

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Aachen was attacked again by Odo of Champagne, who attacked the imperial palace while Conrad II was absent.

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The palace and town of Aachen had fortifying walls built by order of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa between 1172 and 1176.

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Aachen has proved an important site for the production of historical manuscripts.

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The decline of Aachen culminated in 1794, when the French, led by General Charles Dumouriez, occupied Aachen.

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Aachen was one of the locations involved in the ill-fated Rhenish Republic.

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Aachen was the first German city to be captured by the Western Allies, and its residents welcomed the soldiers as liberators.

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In 1486, the Jews of Aachen offered gifts to Maximilian I during his coronation ceremony.

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Aachen is located in the middle of the Meuse–Rhine Euroregion, close to the border tripoint of Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium.

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Additionally, the subsurface of Aachen is traversed by numerous active faults that belong to the Rurgraben fault system, which has been responsible for numerous earthquakes in the past, including the 1756 Duren earthquake and the 1992 Roermond earthquake, which was the strongest earthquake ever recorded in the Netherlands.

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For 600 years, from 936 to 1531, Aachen Cathedral was the church of coronation for 30 German kings and 12 queens.

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Aachen Cathedral has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Aachen Rathaus, dated from 1330, lies between two central squares, the Markt and the Katschhof .

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St Michael's Church, Aachen was built as a church of the Aachen Jesuit Collegium in 1628.

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Synagogue in Aachen, which was destroyed on the Night of Broken Glass, 9 November 1938, was reinaugurated on 18 May 1995.

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Aachen is the administrative centre for the coal-mining industries in neighbouring places to the northeast.

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Products manufactured in Aachen include electrical goods, textiles, foodstuffs, glass, machinery, rubber products, furniture, metal products.

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RWTH Aachen University, established as Polytechnicum in 1870, is one of Germany's Universities of Excellence with strong emphasis on technological research, especially for electrical and mechanical engineering, computer sciences, physics, and chemistry.

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Katholische Hochschule Nordrhein-Westfalen – Abteilung Aachen offers its some 750 students a variety of degree programmes: social work, childhood education, nursing, and co-operative management.

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Local football team Alemannia Aachen had a short run in Germany's first division, after its promotion in 2006.

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Aachen West has gained in importance with the expansion of RWTH Aachen University.

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International Charlemagne Prize of Aachen was awarded in the year 2000 to US president Bill Clinton, for his special personal contribution to co-operation with the states of Europe, for the preservation of peace, freedom, democracy and human rights in Europe, and for his support of the enlargement of the European Union.

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