37 Facts About Adil Shahi


Adil Shahi or Adilshahi, was a Shia, and later Sunni Muslim, dynasty founded by Yusuf Adil Shah, that ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur, centred on present-day Bijapur district, Karnataka in India, in the Western area of the Deccan region of Southern India from 1489 to 1686.

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Founder of the dynasty, Yusuf Adil Shahi Shah, was appointed Bahmani governor of the province, before creating a de facto independent Bijapur state.

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Later campaigns, notably during the reign of Mohammed Adil Shahi Shah, extended Bijapur's formal borders and nominal authority as far south as Bangalore.

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Rafi's history of the 'Adil Shahi dynasty was written at the request of Ibrahim Adil Shah II, and was completed and presented to the patron in AH 1017.

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Adil Shahi built the Citadel or Arkilla and the Faroukh Mahal.

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Adil Shahi invited poets and artisans from Persia, Turkey, and Rome to his court.

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Adil Shahi's well known as a ruler who took advantage of the decline of the Bahmani power to establish himself as an independent sultan at Bijapur in 1498.

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Adil Shahi did this with a military support which has been given to him by a Bijapuri general Kalidas Madhu Sadhwani – brilliant commander and good diplomat, who made quick career by supporting Yusuf Adil Shah and then his son – Ismail Adil Shah.

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Adil Shahi married Punji, the sister of a Maratha Raja of Indapur.

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Adil Shahi built the Gagan Mahal, the Ali Rauza, Chand Bawdi and the Jami Masjid.

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Adil Shahi is renowned for Bijapur's grandest structure, the Gol Gumbaz, which has the biggest dome in the world with whispering gallery round about slightest sound is reproduced seven times.

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Adil Shahi set up the historical Malik-e-Maidan, the massive gun.

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Adil Shahi had to face the onslaught of the Maratha leader Shivaji on one side and Mughal emperor Aurangzeb on another.

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Adil Shahi came to the Deccan from Arabia in the 13th century at a time when the Deccan was a land of unbelievers with no sign of Islam or correct faith anywhere.

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Adil Shahi Sultans made an elaborate arrangement of pure and wholesome water for the people of Bijapur and its suburbs.

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Nawab Mustafa Khan, a celebrated noble of Mohammed Adil Shahi Shah built a big Sarai in the west of Bijapur, which is used as the District Jail.

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Adil Shahi was a person who saw Agra and Delhi in their glorious days.

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Adil Shahi wrote his account called, "Haalat-e-Asad Baig or Wakiat-e-Asad Baig".

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Adil Shahi cites in his impression of the city the grandeurs of the Adil Shahi court and its customs:.

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In two or three houses the rooms were in a perfect tip-top condition, and after prayer on that day Adil Shahi Khan came, wish all pomp and circumstances, followed by a retinue of elephants.

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Adil Shahi has left for us an account, in which he describes Bijapur was a great city.

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Adil Shahi Sultans were fond of gardens, water pavilions and resorts; hence they beautified Bijapur by presence of such amusing spots.

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Adil Shahi was fond of reading to the extent that he kept with him big boxes of books, while on tour.

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Adil Shahi lived long in Bijapur and resumed his practice with great success.

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Adil Shahi had spent a long time attending upon and getting instruction from Hakim Mohummad Hussain Unani and Hakim Mohammad Masum Isfahani.

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Adil Shahi studied this system under Hakim-e-Misri and other Hindu physicians.

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Adil Shahi possessed a great knowledge of Sanskrit, hence studied thoroughly works of Ayurveda like the Samhitas of Wagbhat, Charak and Sushrut, and wrote Dastur-e- Attibba or Iktiyarat-e-Qasmi.

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Adil Shahi cites in the names of various diseases, herbs and drugs and discusses simple and compound medicines and formulae of their preparation.

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Adil Shahi gave details of minutes regarding characteristics of medicinal herbs, plants and fruits of India.

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Adil Shahi was a personal physician of the Sultan, without his permission he could not attend other patients.

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Adil Shahi monarchs were great lovers of music; some of them attained high order.

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Adil Shahi was poet and singer and maintained an inordinately a large number of musicians and minstrels at his court.

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Adil Shahi found the Sultan so wrapped up in listening to the music that he could hardly reply to Asad Baig's questions.

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Adil Shahi Sultans had concentrated their energies almost exclusively on architecture and the allied arts, each Sultan endeavouring to excel his predecessor in the number, size, or splendor of his building projects.

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The Ibrahim Rouza which contains the tomb of Ibrahim Adil Shahi Shah II, is a fine structure with delicate carvings.

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Persian artists of Adil Shahi court have left a rare treasure of miniature paintings, some of which are well-preserved in Europe's great museums.

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Adil Shahi Shah II played the sitar and ud and Ismail was a composer.

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