16 Facts About African socialism


African socialism or Afrosocialism is a belief in sharing economic resources in a traditional African way, as distinct from classical socialism.

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Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Modibo Keita of Mali, Leopold Senghor of Senegal, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Sekou Toure of Guinea, were the main architects of African Socialism according to William H Friedland and Carl G Rosberg Jr.

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Common principles of various versions of African socialism were: social development guided by a large public sector, incorporating the African identity and what it means to be African, and the avoidance of the development of social classes within society.

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African socialism became an important model of economic development for countries such as Ghana, Guinea, Senegal and Tanzania.

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Soviet African Specialists recognized countries such as Guinea, Mali, and Ghana as closer to true Marxist–Leninist socialism.

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Equally important, African socialism disapproves of the anti-religious sentiments of Marxism; after all, religion in traditional African society had been basic to social cohesion, and so religion should function today.

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Julius Nyerere's perceived African socialism as being embedded within African culture largely due to its communitarian model, a feature of African lifestyle that had been severely changed during the period of colonisation, and therefore took it upon himself to reestablish it.

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African socialism's solution was single party rule because 'this unity is our greatest strength in the struggle against poverty, as well as against any outside enemies.

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African socialism argues that the capitalist idea of gaining personal wealth has a wider community effect, because the pursuit of personal wealth indicates that one does not trust the social system of one's country.

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Traditional African socialism society plays a big role for Nyerere with the creation of Ujamaa.

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African socialism proposes that TANU government should revert to the traditional ways of landholding by providing everyone with a piece of land with the condition that the land is used.

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African socialism's focus on economic and political freedom would prove to be a fundamental part of his overarching political philosophy, combining the nationalist independence movement in his home country of Ghana along with left-wing economic thought.

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Senghor would come to embody a new form of African socialism that rejected many of the traditional Marxist modes of thinking that had developed in post-independence Africa.

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African socialism's work highlighted the vast inequalities in French colonial society and looked at the unique experience of the thousands of Africans living under French rule.

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African socialism allowed French advisors and companies to remain in Senegal, including in government and educational posts.

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African socialism sought to give more power to the underdeveloped Senegalese countryside which he did by instituting price protections on peanut crops and allowing for rural representation when making decisions on agricultural policy.

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