50 Facts About Tanzania


Later in the Stone and Bronze Age, prehistoric migrations into Tanzania included Southern Cushitic speakers who moved south from present-day Ethiopia; Eastern Cushitic people who moved into Tanzania from north of Lake Turkana about 2, 000 and 4, 000 years ago; and the Southern Nilotes, including the Datoog, who originated from the present-day South Sudan–Ethiopia border region between 2, 900 and 2, 400 years ago.

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The countries had joined the British Commonwealth in 1961 and Tanzania is still a member of the Commonwealth as a unified republic.

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Tanzania's population is composed of about 120 ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups.

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The sovereign state of Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic and since 1996 its official capital city has been Dodoma where the president's office, the National Assembly, and all government ministries are located.

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Tanzania is a de facto one-party state with the democratic socialist Chama Cha Mapinduzi party in power.

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Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the north-east, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located.

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Over 100 different languages are spoken in Tanzania, making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa.

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Name "Tanzania" was created as a clipped compound of the names of the two states that unified to create the country: Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

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Tanzania is one of the oldest continuously inhabited areas on Earth.

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People of Tanzania have been associated with the production of iron and steel.

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Furthermore, since its independence, Tanzania has displayed more political stability than most African countries, particularly due to Nyerere's ethnic repression methods.

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Tanzania was aligned with China, which from 1970 to 1975 financed and helped build the 1, 860-kilometre-long TAZARA Railway from Dar es Salaam to Zambia.

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Nonetheless, from the late 1970s, Tanzania's economy took a turn for the worse, in the context of an international economic crisis affecting both developed and developing economies.

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At 947, 303 square kilometres, Tanzania is the 13th largest country in Africa and the 31st largest in the world, ranked between the larger Egypt and smaller Nigeria.

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Tanzania is located on the eastern coast of Africa and has an Indian Ocean coastline approximately 1, 424 kilometres long.

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Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located.

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Central Tanzania is a large plateau, with plains and arable land.

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Climate change in Tanzania is resulting in rising temperatures with a higher likelihood of intense rainfall events and of dry spells (resulting in droughts).

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Tanzania produced a National Adaptation Programmes of Action in 2007 as mandated by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

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In 2012, Tanzania produced a National Climate Change Strategy in response to the growing concern of the negative impacts of climate change and climate variability on the country's social, economic and physical environment.

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Tanzania has 21 national parks, plus a variety of game and forest reserves, including the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, however there so many people who live in Ngorongoro and try to affect the environment.

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Tanzania is highly biodiverse and contains a wide variety of animal habitats.

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Tanzania is home to about 130 amphibian and over 275 reptile species, many of them strictly endemic and included in the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red Lists of countries.

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Tanzania had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 7.

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Tanzania is a one-party dominant state with the Chama Cha Mapinduzi party in power.

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High Court of mainland Tanzania has three divisions – commercial, labour, and land – and 15 geographic zones.

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Tanzania is a party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

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Foreign Policies of Tanzania are in process of review to replace the current New Foreign Policy of 2001, which was the first official foreign policy of Tanzania.

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Tanzania is a member of many international organizations such as the United Nations, African Union (AU), East African Community (EAC), and Southern African Development Community (SADC) among many others.

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Tanzania is a founding member of the AU in 2001, and its predecessor the Organisation of African Unity by the predecessors of Tanzania, Tanganyika and Zanzibar, in 1963.

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Tanzania ratified and joined the AU-brokered African Continental Free Trade Area on 17 January 2022, the largest free trade area in the world.

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Tanzania, along with Kenya and Uganda, is a founding member of the EAC in 2000.

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Tanzania is a founding member of SADC in 1994, as well as its predecessor the Frontline States, from 1960 to 1994.

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People with albinism living in Tanzania are often attacked, killed or mutilated because of superstitions related to the black-magical practice known as muti that say body parts of albinos have magical properties.

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Tanzania has the highest occurrence of this human rights violation among 27 African countries where muti is known to be practised.

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Tanzania weathered the Great Recession, which began in late 2008 or early 2009, relatively well.

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Tanzania's economy relies on farming, but climate change has impacted their farming.

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Ruvuma and Nyuna regions of Tanzania have been explored mostly by the discovery company that holds a 75 per cent interest, Aminex, and has shown to hold in excess of 3.

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Rail travel in Tanzania often entails slow journeys with frequent cancellations or delays, and the railways have a deficient safety record.

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Tanzania has four international airports, along with over 120 small airports or landing strips.

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Airlines in Tanzania include Air Tanzania, Precision Air, Fastjet, Coastal Aviation, and ZanAir.

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Water supply and sanitation in Tanzania has been characterised by decreasing access to improved water sources in the 2000s, steady access to some form of sanitation (around 93 per cent since the 1990s), intermittent water supplies, and generally low quality of service.

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Government of Tanzania has embarked on a major sector reform process since 2002.

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Tim Staermose, a proponent of African investment, took issue with these data: "Some of these statements by The Economist, based on the evidence I have gathered from primary sources – namely, the statutory financial reports that listed companies in Tanzania are legally obligated to release – are simply not true.

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UNICEF state that continued investment in nutrition within Tanzania is of the utmost importance: Estimates predict that Tanzania stands to lose $20 billion by 2025 if nutrition within the country remains at its current level, however improvements in nutrition could produce a gain of around $4.

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Agriculture within Tanzania is targeted by the Irish Aid led initiative Harnessing Agriculture for Nutrition Outcomes, which aims to merge nutrition initiatives with agriculture in the Lindi District of the country.

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Tanzania was ranked 90th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, up from 97th in 2019.

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The capital of the country and economic centre of Tanzania, Dodoma is located in central Tanzania, and hosts the National Assembly.

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The five music genres in Tanzania, as defined by BASATA are, ngoma, dansi, kwaya, and taarab, with bongo flava being added in 2001.

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The greatest part of Tanzania's recorded oral literature is in Swahili, even though each of the country's languages has its own oral tradition.

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