38 Facts About Zanzibar


Zanzibar is an insular semi-autonomous state which united with Tanganyika in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania.

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Tourism in Zanzibar is a more recent activity, driven by government promotion that caused an increase from 19, 000 tourists in 1985, to 376, 000 in 2016.

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Zanzibar's marine ecosystem is an important part of the economy for fishing and algaculture and contains important marine ecosystems that act as fish nurseries for Indian Ocean fish populations.

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Presence of microliths suggests that Zanzibar has been home to humans for at least 20, 000 years, which was the beginning of the Later Stone Age.

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Archaeological finds at Fukuchani, on the northwest coast of Zanzibar, indicate a settled agricultural and fishing community from the 6th century at the latest.

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Persian, Indian, and Arab traders frequented Zanzibar to acquire East African goods like gold, ivory, and ambergris and then shipped them overseas to Asia.

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Zanzibar was just one of the many autonomous city-states that dotted the East African littoral.

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In 1503 or 1504, Zanzibar became part of the Portuguese Empire when Captain Ruy Lourenco Ravasco Marques landed and demanded and received tribute from the sultan, in exchange for peace.

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Zanzibar remained a possession of Portugal for almost two centuries.

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Around 1571, Zanzibar became part of the western division of the Portuguese empire and was administered from Mozambique.

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The strangling of trade and diminished local power led the Swahili elites in Mombasa and Zanzibar to invite Omani aristocrats to assist them in driving the Europeans out.

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Until around 1890, the sultans of Zanzibar controlled a substantial portion of the Swahili coast known as Zanj, which included Mombasa and Dar es Salaam.

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Malindi in Zanzibar City was the Swahili Coast's main port for the slave trade with the Middle East.

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These Tib used to caravan ivory back to Zanzibar, then sold them in the slave market for large profits.

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Control of Zanzibar eventually came into the hands of the British Empire; part of the political impetus for this was the 19th century movement for the abolition of the slave trade.

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Zanzibar became the birthplace of famed British singer-songwriter of Queen, Freddie Mercury.

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Rather, by the Zanzibar Act 1963 of the United Kingdom, the UK ended the Protectorate and made provision for full self-government in Zanzibar as an independent country within the Commonwealth.

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The first permanent residents of Zanzibar seem to have been the ancestors of the Bantu Hadimu and Tumbatu, who began arriving from the African Great Lakes mainland around AD 1000.

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Zanzibar's population is almost entirely Muslim, with a small Christian minority containing around 22 000 Christians.

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The first Bishop of Zanzibar was Charles Smythies, who was translated from his former post as Bishop of Nyasaland.

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Christ Church Cathedral, located in Stone Town, Zanzibar City, is a prominent landmark, and a national heritage asset.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Zanzibar, headquartered at the St Joseph's Cathedral in Stone Town, was established in 1980.

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An apostolic vicariate of Zanzibar had been established in 1906, from a much larger East African jurisdiction.

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Zanzibar is part of the Roman Catholic Province of Dar es Salaam, under the Archbishop of Dar es Salaam.

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Zanzibar has a government of national unity, with the president of Zanzibar being Hussein Ali Mwinyi, since 1 November 2020.

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Autonomous status of Zanzibar is viewed as comparable to Hong Kong as suggested by some scholars, and with some recognizing the island as an "African Hong Kong".

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The constitution of Zanzibar requires the party that comes in second in the polls to join a coalition with the winning party.

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Main island of Zanzibar, Unguja, has a fauna reflecting its connection to the African mainland during the last Ice Age.

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Government of Zanzibar legalized foreign exchange bureaux on the islands before mainland Tanzania moved to do so.

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The firm recommended that Zanzibar follow economist Hernando de Soto Polar's ideas about the formalization of property rights for persons living on ancestral land for which they probably do not have a legal deed.

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Tourism in Zanzibar includes the tourism industry and its effects on the islands of Unguja and Pemba in Zanzibar a semi-autonomous region in the United Republic of Tanzania.

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Government of Zanzibar plays a major role in promoting the industry, with the official government tourist page stating that its goal regarding tourism is to "become one of the top tourism destinations of the Indian Ocean, offering an up market, high quality product across the board within the coming 17 years.

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Zanzibar, to ensure the roads are passable at all times and are maintained had established a Road Fund Board, situated at maisala which collects funds and disburses to Ministry of Communication, whom is the Road Agency at this time through the Department of Road Maintenance, known as UUB.

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Zanzibar is the only place in Eastern African countries to have the longest settlement houses formally known as Michenzani flats which were built by the aid from East Germany during the 1970s to solve housing problems in Zanzibar.

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In 1973, Zanzibar introduced the first colour television service in sub-Saharan Africa.

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In terms of landline communications, Zanzibar is served by the Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited and Zantel Tanzania.

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Primary and secondary education system in Zanzibar is slightly different from that of the Tanzanian mainland.

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Zanzibar is an associate member of the Confederation of African Football, but not of FIFA.

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