28 Facts About Portuguese Empire


Portuguese Empire, known as the Portuguese Overseas or the Portuguese Colonial Empire, was composed of the overseas colonies, factories, and the later overseas territories governed by Portugal.

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Portuguese Empire originated at the beginning of the Age of Discovery, and the power and influence of the Kingdom of Portugal would eventually expand across the globe.

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Free from threats to its existence and unchallenged by the wars fought by other European states, Portuguese Empire attention turned overseas and towards a military expedition to the Muslim lands of North Africa.

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Completion of these negotiations with Spain is one of several reasons proposed by historians for why it took nine years for the Portuguese Empire to follow up on Dias's voyage to the Cape of Good Hope, though it has been speculated that other voyages were in fact taking place in secret during this time.

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In 1502, to enforce its trade monopoly over a wide area of the Indian Ocean, the Portuguese Empire created the cartaz licensing system, granting merchant ships protection against pirates and rival states.

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That year the Portuguese Empire conquered Kannur, where they founded St Angelo Fort, and Lourenco de Almeida arrived in Ceylon, where he discovered the source of cinnamon.

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In retaliation, the Portuguese Empire fought and destroyed the Mamluks and Gujarati fleets in the sea Battle of Diu in 1509.

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Portuguese Empire encouraged Portuguese settlers to marry local women, built a church in honor of St Catherine, and attempted to build rapport with the Hindus by protecting their temples and reducing their tax requirements.

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The Portuguese maintained friendly relations with the south Indian Emperors of the Vijayanagara Empire.

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The Portuguese Empire eventually based their center of operations along the Hugli River, where they encountered Muslims, Hindus, and Portuguese Empire deserters known as Chatins.

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In 1521, the Portuguese Empire lost 2 ships at the Battle of Sincouwaan in Lantau Island.

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The Portuguese Empire lost 2 ships at Shuangyu in 1548 where several Portuguese Empire were captured and near the Dongshan Peninsula.

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The Portuguese Empire later returned to China peacefully and presented themselves under the name Portuguese Empire instead of Franks in the Luso-Chinese agreement and rented Macau as a trading post from China by paying annual lease of hundreds of silver taels to Ming China.

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The Chinese then massacred Portuguese Empire who resided at Ningbo and Fujian trading posts in 1545 and 1549, due to extensive and damaging raids by the Portuguese Empire along the coast, which irritated the Chinese.

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Portuguese Empire pirating was second to Japanese pirating by this period.

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In 1557 the Chinese authorities allowed the Portuguese Empire to settle in Macau, creating a warehouse in the trade of goods between China, Japan, Goa and Europe.

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The Portuguese traded regularly with the Bruneian Empire from 1530 and described the capital of Brunei as surrounded by a stone wall.

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The Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat was forced to sign the Treaty of Bassein with the Portuguese Empire, establishing an alliance to regain the country, giving in exchange Daman, Diu, Mumbai and Bassein.

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Portuguese Empire made direct contact with the Kongolose vassal state Ndongo and its ruler Ngola Kiljuane in 1520, after the latter requested missionaries.

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In east-Africa, the main agents acting on behalf of the Portuguese Empire Crown, exploring and settling the territory of what would become Mozambique were the prazeiros, to whom vast estates around the Zambezi river were leased by the King as a reward for their services.

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The French attacks did cease to an extent after retaliation led to the Portuguese Empire paying the French to stop attacking Portuguese Empire ships throughout the Atlantic, but the attacks would continue to be a problem well into the 1560s.

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All the Portuguese Empire colonies accepted the new state of affairs except for the Azores, which held out for Antonio, a Portuguese Empire rival claimant to the throne who had garnered the support of Catherine de Medici of France in exchange for the promise to cede Brazil.

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The Dutch had regional control of the lucrative sugar-producing region of northeast Brazil as well as Luanda, but the Portuguese Empire regained these territories after considerable struggle.

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Meanwhile, in the Persian Gulf region, the Portuguese Empire lost control of Ormuz by a joint alliance of the Safavids and the English in 1622, and Oman under the Al-Ya'arubs would capture Muscat in 1650.

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In 1661 the Portuguese Empire offered Bombay and Tangier to England as part of a dowry, and over the next hundred years the English gradually became the dominant trader in India, gradually excluding the trade of other powers.

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The following year, the Portuguese Empire constitution was amended to change the status of the colonies to overseas provinces.

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Nevertheless, the Portuguese Empire language remains co-official with Cantonese Chinese in Macau.

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Instance, as Portuguese Empire merchants were presumably the first to introduce the sweet orange in Europe, in several modern Indo-European languages the fruit has been named after them.

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