11 Facts About Al-Andaluz


Al-Andaluz was succeeded by his son, Hisham I, who secured power of exiling his brother who had tried to rebel against him.

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Al-Andaluz'sham enjoyed a stable reign of eight years and was succeeded by his son Al-Hakam I The next few decades were relatively uneventful, with only occasional minor rebellions, and saw the rise of the emirate.

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Al-Andaluz rose to power with no opposition and sought to reform the emirate.

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Al-Andaluz quickly reorganized the bureaucracy to be more efficient and built many mosques across the emirate.

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Al-Andaluz's reign marked a decline in the emirate, which was ended by Abd al-Rahman III.

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Muhammad Abd-ar-Rahman III

Al-Andaluz declared that the next emir would be his grandson Abd al-Rahman III, ignoring the claims of his four living children.

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Al-Andaluz's book is significant because it uses principles of Galenic medicine, such as humorism and the theory of four temperaments, as the basis of its medical recommendations.

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Al-Andaluz built on the work of older astronomers, like Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, whose astronomical tables he wrote a discussion on and subsequently improved.

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Al-Andaluz accurately calculated the motion of the solar apogee to be 12.

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Al-Andaluz'storian Said al-Andalus wrote that Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III had collected libraries of books and granted patronage to scholars of medicine and "ancient sciences".

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Al-Andaluz is said to have brought the 51 "Epistles of the Brethren of Purity" to al-Andalus and added the compendium to this work, although it is quite possible that it was added later by another scholar with the name al-Majriti.

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