11 Facts About Alaska Natives


Alaska Natives are the indigenous peoples of Alaska and include Inupiat, Yupik, Aleut, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and a number of Northern Athabaskan cultures.

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Many Alaska Natives are enrolled in federally recognized Alaska Native tribal entities, who in turn belong to 13 Alaska Native Regional Corporations, who administer land and financial claims.

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Ancestors of Native Alaskans or Alaska Natives migrated into the area thousands of years ago, in at least two different waves.

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Anthropologists have stated that their journey from Asia to Alaska Natives was made possible through the Bering land bridge or by traveling through the sea.

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Alaska Natives Commission estimated there were about 86, 000 Alaska Natives living in Alaska in 1990, with another 17, 000 who lived outside Alaska.

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Alaska Natives'storians have suggested that the Russian-American Company exploited Indigenous peoples as a source of inexpensive labor.

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Ioann Veniaminov, who later became Saint Innocent of Alaska Natives, was an important missionary who carried out the Orthodox Church's agenda to Christianize Indigenous populations.

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The land that belonged to Alaska Natives was considered to be "open land", which could be claimed by white settlers without redress to the Alaska Natives living there.

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The Alaska Natives were not allotted individual title in severalty to land under the Dawes Act of 1887 but were instead treated under the Alaska Native Allotment Act of 1906.

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Under the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972, Alaska Natives are reserved the right to harvest whales and other marine mammals.

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The effects of climate change on the people of Alaska Natives are extensive and include issues such as increased vulnerability to disease, mental health issues, injury, food insecurity, and water insecurity.

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