12 Facts About Dawes Act


The Dawes Act Commission was established in 1893 as a delegation to register members of tribes for allotment of lands.

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On February 8,1887, the Dawes Allotment Act was signed into law by President Grover Cleveland.

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Dawes Act facilitated assimilation; they would become more "Euro-Americanized" as the government allotted the reservations and the Indians adapted to subsistence farming, the primary model at the time.

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Burke Act of 1906 amended the sections of the Dawes Act dealing with US Citizenship and the mechanism for issuing allotments.

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The Burke Dawes Act did not apply to any Native Americans in Indian Territory.

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Effects of the Dawes Act were destructive on Native American sovereignty, culture, and identity since it empowered the US government to:.

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Dawes Act ended Native American communal holding of property, by which they had ensured that everyone had a home and a place in the tribe.

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Dawes Act compelled Native Americans to adopt European American culture by illegalizing Indigenous cultural practices and forcibly indoctrinating settler cultural practices and ideologies into Native American families and children.

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In particular, the Meriam Report found that the General Allotment Dawes Act had been used to illegally deprive Native Americans of their land rights.

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However, the allotment process in Alaska, under the separate Alaska Native Allotment Dawes Act, continued until its revocation in 1971 by the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Dawes Act.

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For example, one provision of the Dawes Act was the establishment of a trust fund, administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, to collect and distribute revenues from oil, mineral, timber, and grazing leases on Native American lands.

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Angie Debo's, And Still the Waters Run: The Betrayal of the Five Civilized Tribes, claimed the allotment policy of the Dawes Act was systematically manipulated to deprive the Native Americans of their lands and resources.

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