26 Facts About Alice Springs


Alice Springs is the third-largest town in the Northern Territory of Australia.

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From 1926 to 1931, Alice Springs was the seat of government for the now-defunct Territory of Central Australia.

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Alice Springs was connected to Darwin by rail on 4 February 2004, when the first passenger train arrived in Darwin from Adelaide.

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The railway hub in Alice Springs was taken over by military operations and the number of soldiers posted in Alice Springs grew rapidly, as did the number of personnel passing through on their way to and from Darwin.

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Alice Springs became the war-time civilian capital of the Northern Territory.

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Alice Springs has many historic buildings, including the Overland Telegraph Station, the Old Courthouse and Residency and the Hartley Street School.

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Region around Alice Springs is part of the Central Ranges xeric scrub area of dry scrubby grassland and includes the MacDonnell Ranges which run east and west of the town and contain a number of hiking trails and swimming holes such as Ormiston Gorge, Ormiston Gorge Creek, Red Bank Gorge and Glen Helen Gorge.

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Simpson Desert, southeast of Alice Springs, is Australia's fourth-largest desert area and contains large red sand dunes and rock formations such as Chambers Pillar and Rainbow Valley.

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Under the Koppen climate classification, Alice Springs has a subtropical hot desert climate, featuring extremely hot, dry summers and short, mild winters.

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Alice Springs is located in Central Australia, called the Red Centre, an arid environment consisting of several different deserts.

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Temperatures in Alice Springs vary widely, and rainfall can vary quite dramatically from year to year.

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Since the early 1970s, the majority of the American population in Alice Springs has been associated with proximity to Pine Gap, a joint Australian-US satellite tracking station, located 19 kilometres south-west of Alice Springs, that employs about 700 Americans and Australians.

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Americans in Alice Springs are known to participate in a variety of associations and sporting teams, including baseball, basketball and soccer competitions.

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Several small immigrant communities of other foreign cultures have found a home in Alice Springs, including Vietnamese, Chinese, Thai, Sudanese and Indian ethnic groups.

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The Alice Springs Region is governed by the newly created MacDonnell Region local government area, for which Alice Springs serves as council seat.

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Alice Springs began as a service town to the pastoral industry that first came to the region.

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Alice Springs is served by nineteen public and private schools that cater to local and overseas students.

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Alice Springs is known as the Aboriginal Art capital of Central Australia, home to many local and Aboriginal art galleries.

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Alice Springs is home to the Alice Springs Public Library, known as the Nevil Shute Memorial Library.

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The Alice Springs Collection holds a significant digital collection, including PDF copies of the Centralian Advocate from 1947? to ?2015, and over 6000 images, primarily from the Central Australian Historical Images Collection.

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Alice Springs was well known locally and referred to by all as Miss Pink.

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Alice Springs has a high rate of participation in many different sports, including tennis, hockey, Australian rules football, basketball, baseball, golf, soccer, cricket, rugby and boxing.

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Alice Springs is home to the Arunga Park Speedway, a 402-metre dirt oval speedway.

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Alice Springs is served by both local and national radio and television services.

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Alice Springs is home to Australia's largest Indigenous media company.

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Alice Springs is a base for the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia.

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