10 Facts About Ancestral Puebloans


Ancestral Puebloans, known as the Anasazi, were an ancient Native American culture that spanned the present-day Four Corners region of the United States, comprising southeastern Utah, northeastern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, and southwestern Colorado.

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Ancestral Puebloans lived in a range of structures that included small family pit houses, larger structures to house clans, grand pueblos, and cliff-sited dwellings for defense.

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Ancestral Puebloans were one of four major prehistoric archaeological traditions recognized in the American Southwest, known as Oasisamerica.

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The Ancestral Puebloans favored building under such overhangs for shelters and defensive building sites.

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Ancestral Puebloans excelled at rock art, which included carved petroglyphs and painted pictographs.

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Ancestral Puebloans left their established homes in the 12th and 13th centuries.

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Current scholarly consensus is that Ancestral Puebloans responded to pressure from Numic-speaking peoples moving onto the Colorado Plateau, as well as climate change that resulted in agricultural failures.

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The archaeological record indicates that for Ancestral Puebloans to adapt to climatic change by changing residences and locations was not unusual.

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Ancestral Puebloans attained a cultural "Golden Age" between about 900 and 1150.

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Ancestral Puebloans asserts that isolated communities relied on raiding for food and supplies, and that internal conflict and warfare became common in the 13th century.

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