11 Facts About Anna Murray


Anna Murray Douglass was an American abolitionist, member of the Underground Railroad, and the first wife of American social reformer and statesman Frederick Douglass, from 1838 to her death.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,344

Anna Murray was born in Denton, Maryland, to Bambara and Mary Murray.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,345

Unlike her seven older brothers and sisters, who were born in slavery, Anna Murray and her younger four siblings were born free, her parents having been manumitted just a month before her birth.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,346

Anna Murray's freedom made Douglass believe in the possibility of his own.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,347

When he decided to escape slavery in 1838, Anna Murray encouraged and helped him by providing Douglass with some sailor's clothing her laundry work gave her access to.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,348

Anna Murray's gave him part of her savings, which she augmented by selling one of her feather beds.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,349

Anna Murray Douglass had five children within the first ten years of the marriage: Rosetta Douglass, Lewis Henry Douglass, Frederick Douglass, Jr.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,350

Anna Murray's helped support the family financially, working as a laundress and learning to make shoes, as Douglass's income from his speeches was sporadic and the family was struggling.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,351

Anna Murray's took an active role in the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society and later prevailed upon her husband to train their sons as typesetters for his abolitionist newspaper, North Star.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,352

Anna Murray's died of a stroke in 1882 at the family home in Washington D C Anna Murray's was initially buried at Graceland Cemetery in Washington, D C, but the cemetery closed in 1894 and on 22 February 1895, she was moved to Mount Hope Cemetery in Rochester, New York.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,353

Anna Murray changed his name to Douglass after his escape, because as a fugitive slave he was at risk of recapture.

FactSnippet No. 1,256,354