64 Facts About Anthony Wayne

1.

Anthony Wayne was an American soldier, officer, statesman, and Founding Father of English descent.

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2.

Anthony Wayne adopted a military career at the outset of the American Revolutionary War, where his military exploits and fiery personality quickly earned him promotion to brigadier general and the nickname "Mad Anthony".

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3.

Anthony Wayne later served as the Senior Officer of the Army on the Ohio Country frontier and led the Legion of the United States.

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4.

Anthony Wayne was elected to the Pennsylvania General Assembly and helped raise a Pennsylvania militia unit in 1775.

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5.

Anthony Wayne was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati of the state of Georgia.

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6.

Anthony Wayne briefly represented Georgia in the United States House of Representatives where he faced controversy relating to his participation in electoral fraud.

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7.

Anthony Wayne was part of a Protestant Anglo-Irish family; his grandfather was a veteran of the Battle of the Boyne, where he fought for the Williamite side.

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8.

Anthony Wayne was educated as a surveyor at his uncle's private academy in Philadelphia and at the College of Philadelphia for two years.

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9.

Anthony Wayne married Mary Penrose in 1766, and they had two children.

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10.

Anthony Wayne would go on to have romantic relationships with other women throughout his life, including Mary Vining, a wealthy woman in Delaware, leading to himself and his wife to eventually become estranged.

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11.

Anthony Wayne was an avid reader and often quoted Caesar and Shakespeare at length while serving in the military.

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12.

In 1775, Anthony Wayne was nominated to the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety beside John Dickinson, Benjamin Franklin, and Robert Morris.

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13.

Anthony Wayne commanded a successful rear-guard action at the Battle of Trois-Rivieres and then led the forces on Lake Champlain at Fort Ticonderoga and Mount Independence.

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14.

Anthony Wayne was then ordered to harass the British rear in order to slow General William Howe's advance towards Pennsylvania.

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15.

Anthony Wayne's soldiers pushed ahead of other units, and the British "pushed on with their Bayonets—and took Ample Vengeance" as they retreated, according to Wayne's report.

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16.

Anthony Wayne was again ordered to hold off the British and cover the rear of the retreating body.

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17.

Anthony Wayne held out until relieved by reinforcements sent by General George Washington.

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18.

Anthony Wayne would set an example on coping with adversity during military operations.

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19.

Anthony Wayne was wounded during the attack when an enemy musket ball gashed his scalp.

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20.

Anthony Wayne's troops were unable to capture the position, suffering 64 casualties while inflicting 21 casualties on the Loyalist defenders.

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21.

Anthony Wayne successfully resolved the mutiny by dismissing about half the line.

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22.

Anthony Wayne led a small scouting force of 500 at the 1781 Battle of Green Spring to determine the location of Cornwallis, and they fell into the trap; only a bold bayonet charge against the numerically overwhelming British enabled his forces to retreat.

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23.

Anthony Wayne then negotiated peace treaties with both the Creeks and the Cherokees during a bout with malaria, for which Georgia purchased a rice plantation for 4,000 guineas and rewarded it to him.

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24.

Anthony Wayne would suffer from complications related to malaria for the remainder of his life.

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25.

In 1783, Anthony Wayne returned to Pennsylvania and was celebrated as a hero, deciding to enter politics with other conservative friends at the time.

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26.

Anthony Wayne joined the Federalist Party since he believed he could secure a position among the American elite, aligning himself with the supporters of Washington, and like most federalists, he favored centralization, federalism, modernization, and protectionism.

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27.

Anthony Wayne would go on to support Republicanism because Wayne ultimately believed that the United States should have a strong centrally-controlled government, stronger banks, manufacturing, and a standing army and navy.

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28.

Anthony Wayne was elected to serve in the Pennsylvania General Assembly for two years, becoming even more conservative and defending Tories from persecution.

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29.

Anthony Wayne had a personal slave named "Caesar" that he named after his favorite historical figure, Julius Caesar.

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30.

Anthony Wayne approved of slavery and viewed his slaves as passive property.

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31.

When his Georgia possessions were sold, Anthony Wayne's advertisement described his slaves as "a Gang of Fifty Country Born and Seasoned Negroes".

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32.

Anthony Wayne was a delegate to the state convention that ratified the United States Constitution in 1788 and lost an election to the Senate that same year.

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33.

Anthony Wayne felt his best choice was to recruit country-loyal Wayne to take on this daunting task despite Wayne's recent past.

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34.

Injured, with swollen legs and recurring malaria, Anthony Wayne accepted command of the new Legion of the United States in 1792.

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35.

Under the direction of Washington's policies, Anthony Wayne battled the Native Americans he encountered, destroying their villages and food stocks before the winter in order to make them more vulnerable to the elements.

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36.

Anthony Wayne began his recruiting efforts in the Spring of 1792 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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37.

Anthony Wayne established a basic training facility at Legionville to prepare professional soldiers for the reorganized army, stating that the area near Pittsburgh was "a frontier Gomorrah" that distracted troops.

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38.

Anthony Wayne set up a well-organized structure of sub-legions led by brigadier generals, seen as forerunners of today's brigade combat teams.

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39.

Anthony Wayne was a strict disciplinarian and executed several troops for offenses.

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40.

Anthony Wayne required his soldiers to adhere to a sharp dress code, with each sub-legion having a distinctive cap and regimental standards with their unit colors.

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41.

Anthony Wayne shared the hardships and privations of his men, and personally saw that discicipline and instruction were kept up.

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42.

Friendly Native Americans helped Anthony Wayne recover a cannon that had been buried nearby by the attackers, with its redeployment at the fort.

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43.

Anthony Wayne's army continued north, building strategically defensive forts ahead of the main force.

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44.

Anthony Wayne then used Fort Deposit as a base of operations because of its proximity to Fort Miami and encamped for three days in sight of Fort Miami.

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45.

Anthony Wayne attempted to provoke the fort's commander, Major William Campbell, by destroying McKee's post as well as Native American crops and villages within sight of Fort Miami before withdrawing.

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46.

When Campbell asked the meaning of the encampment, Anthony Wayne replied that the answer had already been given by the sound of their muskets.

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47.

The next day, Anthony Wayne rode alone to Fort Miami and slowly conducted an inspection of the fort's exterior walls.

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48.

Anthony Wayne planned for another large battle against the Native Americans and the British while the Legion was at full strength.

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49.

Anthony Wayne wanted a strong fort, capable of withstanding a possible attack by the British from Fort Detroit.

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50.

At the meetings, Anthony Wayne promised the land of "Indiana", the remaining land to the west, to remain Indian forever.

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51.

Anthony Wayne read portions of the Paris treaty, informing them that the British were encouraging them to fight for land and forts the British already ceded to the United States.

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52.

Anthony Wayne's victory was described by the Philadelphia Aurora at the time as an "uncommon slaughter" of Native Americans and is recognized as the turning point that provided the geographical and imaginative base for manifest destiny.

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53.

Anthony Wayne's suspicions were confirmed, and he attempted to court-martial Wilkinson for his treachery.

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54.

Anthony Wayne continued to pass on intelligence to the Spanish in return for large sums in gold.

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55.

Anthony Wayne died during a return trip to Pennsylvania from a military post in Detroit.

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56.

Anthony Wayne was buried at Fort Presque Isle, where the modern Anthony Wayne Blockhouse stands.

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57.

Anthony Wayne then placed the bones into two saddlebags and relocated them to the family plot in the graveyard of St David's Episcopal Church in Wayne, Pennsylvania.

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58.

Anthony Wayne is not recognized as a strategist and is primarily seen as a reckless battle tactician.

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59.

Anthony Wayne was considered impulsive, bad-tempered and overly aggressive as a military leader and advocated the tactics of Julius Caesar and Maurice de Saxe.

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60.

Anthony Wayne was recognized for his grandiose and luxurious tendencies.

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61.

Anthony Wayne was recognized as being racist, with Rob Harper, a historian and professor at University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point, describing Wayne as holding beliefs of "racial and cultural chauvinism".

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62.

The approval was criticized by City Councilman Glynn Hines, who stated Anthony Wayne's actions were part of a "genocide of Native Americans, " and many local citizens took to social media to express their thoughts.

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63.

Second, Anthony Wayne accepted the institution of slavery and used slaves in an attempt to enrich himself on his plantations.

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64.

On September 14,1929, the US Post Office issued a stamp honoring Anthony Wayne which commemorated the 135th anniversary of the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

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