19 Facts About Antofagasta


Antofagasta was captured by Chile in February 14 1879 triggering the War of the Pacific .

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City of Antofagasta is closely linked to mining activity, being a port and the chief service hub for one of Chile's major mining areas.

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Since the 2010s Antofagasta is a service hub for lithium mining.

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However, it is said the name Antofagasta is due to a decision by Manuel Mariano Melgarejo, who renamed the city in honor of an that he had in Antofagasta de la Sierra, in 1870.

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In Chile, Antofagasta is known as, for its historical and economic importance.

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Territory of Antofagasta was included in maps of the Captaincy General of Chile in the 18th century, depending from the city of Copiapo.

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Bolivia created the "Departamento del Litoral", during the government of Andres de Santa Cruz, in 1837, which was divided into two provinces: La Mar and Atacama and 1868, Antofagasta would be the capital of the province of Mejillones.

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The first official map of the population and the port of Antofagasta was designed by Jose Santos Prada on 14 September 1869.

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On 8 May 1872, Antofagasta was designated by the Bolivian Government as Puerto Mayor, opening trade worldwide.

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The territory of Antofagasta was definitely within Chile's borders but in return Chile agreed to build a railroad that would link the cities of Arica and La Paz, Bolivia was granted free movement of commerce through Chilean territory.

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In 1905, the city of Antofagasta began construction of sewers, because of existing outbreaks of bubonic plague and smallpox.

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In 1937, the Municipality of Antofagasta made a national call for the composition of Antofagasta's anthem.

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Urban area of Antofagasta begins abruptly, breaking the monotony of the desert and is located in the coastal plains, south of Mejillones Peninsula and north of "Cerro Coloso".

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Antofagasta was declared a partial common in the border area 20 July 1999, by Supreme Decree No 1166 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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Town of Antofagasta has a cold desert climate with abundant sunshine and strong maritime influence.

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Coastal edge of Antofagasta is rocky and steep, so there are no natural beaches, the majority being artificial.

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Antofagasta is the first city in Chile which has a municipal school operating within a military compound: "Recovery Center for Integrative Studies in Military Training", located within the Reinforced Regiment No 20 "La Concepcion".

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The football club Deportes Antofagasta is part of the Chilean First Division A, and plays its home matches at Antofagasta Regional Stadium.

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Antofagasta was one of the host cities of the official 1959 Basketball World Cup, where Chile won the bronze medal.

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