13 Facts About Arikamedu


Arikamedu is an archaeological site in Southern India, in Kakkayanthope, Ariyankuppam Commune, Puducherry.

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Significant findings at Arikamedu include numerous Indo-Pacific beads, which facilitated fixing the period of its origin.

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Gentil, after visiting Arikamedu, confirmed the earlier report of the Consul of the Indo-French colony.

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Arikamedu concluded that these antiquities belonged to the Roman Empire.

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Father Fancheux and Raymand Surleau, who were not qualified archaeologists, carried out the excavations at Arikamedu and sent a few antiquities to Indian museums, and to the Ecole francaise d'Extreme-Orient in Hanoi.

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Wheeler, the Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India, in the 1940s saw a few potsherds of Arikamedu site displayed in the Madras Museum, which he identified as "terra sigillata", or Arrentine ware, an expensive ceramic made until 50 CE in Arezzo, Italy.

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Arikamedu was looking for an archaeological site in India that could establish its cultural link, a datum of the Indian antiquities to the Greco-Roman period, and this quest led him to the Arikamedu site.

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Arikamedu noted that, for the local fishermen of the village, the antiquities were strange—as they consisted of lamps, glass items, gemstones, cutlery and crockery, wine containers, etc.

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Arikamedu observed that traders traveled from west coast and from Ceylon, Kolchoi and the Ganges area to trade goods such as gems, pearls and spices, and silk.

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Arikamedu carried out excavations carefully, so that none of the antiquities were damaged.

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Arikamedu's report was not well known in India, as it was not written in English.

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Arikamedu noted that this Indo-Roman trade lasted for a period of about 200 years, till 200 CE.

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Arikamedu identified the beads as Indo-Pacific beads crafted at Arikamedu.

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